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Long-term effects of glimepiride or rosiglitazone in combination with metformin on blood pressure control in type 2 diabetic patients affected by the metabolic syndrome: a 12-month, double-blind, randomized clinical trial.
Clin Ther. 2005 Sep; 27(9):1383-91.CT

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Some evidence suggests that antihyperglycemic drugs might have a small but clinically significant beneficial effect on blood pressure in patients with diabetes mellitus. Based on a literature search, few direct comparisons of different antihyperglycemic treatments on blood pressure have been reported.

OBJECTIVES

The primary aim of the present study was to compare the effect of long-term (12-month) combination treatment with glimepiride or rosiglitazone plus metformin on blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM-2) and the metabolic syndrome. Secondary end points were glycemic control and improvement in insulin sensitivity.

METHODS

This randomized, double-blind study was conducted at 2 centers in Italy. Patients aged > or =18 years with DM-2 and the metabolic syndrome and poor glycemic control (insulin resistance) with monotherapy with the maximum tolerated dose of an antihyperglycemic agent (eg, a sulfonylurea, metformin) were enrolled. All patients received 12 months of oral treatment with metformin 500 mg TID plus glimepiride 2 mg QD (G + M) or rosiglitazone 4 mg QD (R + M). Blood pressure, heart rate (HR), and body mass index (BMI); plasma levels of fasting and postprandial glucose and insulin (FPG, PPG, FPI, and PPI, respectively) and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA(1c)); and homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) index were determined at 0 (baseline), 3, 6, 9, and 12 months of treatment. Adverse effects (AEs) were assessed using spontaneous reporting, patient interview, and laboratory analysis.

RESULTS

Ninety-nine patients were enrolled in the study; 95 completed it (48 men, 47 women; mean age, 54 years [range, 47-58 years]; G + M, 47 patients; R + M, 48 patients). Four patients did not complete the study due to noncompliance (2 patients in the R + M group), protocol violation (1 patient in the G + M group), and loss to follow-up (1 patient in the G + M group). Mean blood pressure values were not significantly improved in the G + M group at any time point, whereas these values were significantly improved at 12 months in the R + M group. Mean BMI, HbA(1c), FPG, and PPG were significantly decreased from baseline in both groups at 12 months (all, P < or = 0.05). Mean FPI, PPI, and HOMA index were significantly improved at 12 months only in the R + M group (all, P < or = 0.05 vs baseline); these changes were not found in the G + M group. No significant changes in HR were found. Headache and flatulence were reported in both groups (G + M, 2 patients each; R + M, 1 and 2 patients, respectively), but these AEs were mild and transient. In the R + M group, liver enzyme levels were increased to 1.5-fold the upper limit of normal in 3 patients, but were normalized by study end.

CONCLUSIONS

In this study in patients with DM-2 and the metabolic syndrome, long-term (12-month) combination treatment with R + M, but not G + M, was associated with a significant improvement in blood pressure control. Improvements in glycemic control and insulin resistance-related parameters were found at 9 months with R + M, compared with 12 months with G + M. Both treatments were well tolerated.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Internal Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy. giuderosa@tin.itNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Clinical Trial
Comparative Study
Journal Article
Multicenter Study
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16291411

Citation

Derosa, Giuseppe, et al. "Long-term Effects of Glimepiride or Rosiglitazone in Combination With Metformin On Blood Pressure Control in Type 2 Diabetic Patients Affected By the Metabolic Syndrome: a 12-month, Double-blind, Randomized Clinical Trial." Clinical Therapeutics, vol. 27, no. 9, 2005, pp. 1383-91.
Derosa G, Cicero AF, Gaddi AV, et al. Long-term effects of glimepiride or rosiglitazone in combination with metformin on blood pressure control in type 2 diabetic patients affected by the metabolic syndrome: a 12-month, double-blind, randomized clinical trial. Clin Ther. 2005;27(9):1383-91.
Derosa, G., Cicero, A. F., Gaddi, A. V., Ciccarelli, L., Piccinni, M. N., Salvadeo, S., Pricolo, F., Fogari, E., Ghelfi, M., Ferrari, I., & Fogari, R. (2005). Long-term effects of glimepiride or rosiglitazone in combination with metformin on blood pressure control in type 2 diabetic patients affected by the metabolic syndrome: a 12-month, double-blind, randomized clinical trial. Clinical Therapeutics, 27(9), 1383-91.
Derosa G, et al. Long-term Effects of Glimepiride or Rosiglitazone in Combination With Metformin On Blood Pressure Control in Type 2 Diabetic Patients Affected By the Metabolic Syndrome: a 12-month, Double-blind, Randomized Clinical Trial. Clin Ther. 2005;27(9):1383-91. PubMed PMID: 16291411.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Long-term effects of glimepiride or rosiglitazone in combination with metformin on blood pressure control in type 2 diabetic patients affected by the metabolic syndrome: a 12-month, double-blind, randomized clinical trial. AU - Derosa,Giuseppe, AU - Cicero,Arrigo F G, AU - Gaddi,Antonio V, AU - Ciccarelli,Leonardina, AU - Piccinni,Mario N, AU - Salvadeo,Sibilla, AU - Pricolo,Fabio, AU - Fogari,Elena, AU - Ghelfi,Morena, AU - Ferrari,Ilaria, AU - Fogari,Roberto, PY - 2005/07/18/accepted PY - 2005/11/18/pubmed PY - 2006/11/14/medline PY - 2005/11/18/entrez SP - 1383 EP - 91 JF - Clinical therapeutics JO - Clin Ther VL - 27 IS - 9 N2 - BACKGROUND: Some evidence suggests that antihyperglycemic drugs might have a small but clinically significant beneficial effect on blood pressure in patients with diabetes mellitus. Based on a literature search, few direct comparisons of different antihyperglycemic treatments on blood pressure have been reported. OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of the present study was to compare the effect of long-term (12-month) combination treatment with glimepiride or rosiglitazone plus metformin on blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM-2) and the metabolic syndrome. Secondary end points were glycemic control and improvement in insulin sensitivity. METHODS: This randomized, double-blind study was conducted at 2 centers in Italy. Patients aged > or =18 years with DM-2 and the metabolic syndrome and poor glycemic control (insulin resistance) with monotherapy with the maximum tolerated dose of an antihyperglycemic agent (eg, a sulfonylurea, metformin) were enrolled. All patients received 12 months of oral treatment with metformin 500 mg TID plus glimepiride 2 mg QD (G + M) or rosiglitazone 4 mg QD (R + M). Blood pressure, heart rate (HR), and body mass index (BMI); plasma levels of fasting and postprandial glucose and insulin (FPG, PPG, FPI, and PPI, respectively) and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA(1c)); and homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) index were determined at 0 (baseline), 3, 6, 9, and 12 months of treatment. Adverse effects (AEs) were assessed using spontaneous reporting, patient interview, and laboratory analysis. RESULTS: Ninety-nine patients were enrolled in the study; 95 completed it (48 men, 47 women; mean age, 54 years [range, 47-58 years]; G + M, 47 patients; R + M, 48 patients). Four patients did not complete the study due to noncompliance (2 patients in the R + M group), protocol violation (1 patient in the G + M group), and loss to follow-up (1 patient in the G + M group). Mean blood pressure values were not significantly improved in the G + M group at any time point, whereas these values were significantly improved at 12 months in the R + M group. Mean BMI, HbA(1c), FPG, and PPG were significantly decreased from baseline in both groups at 12 months (all, P < or = 0.05). Mean FPI, PPI, and HOMA index were significantly improved at 12 months only in the R + M group (all, P < or = 0.05 vs baseline); these changes were not found in the G + M group. No significant changes in HR were found. Headache and flatulence were reported in both groups (G + M, 2 patients each; R + M, 1 and 2 patients, respectively), but these AEs were mild and transient. In the R + M group, liver enzyme levels were increased to 1.5-fold the upper limit of normal in 3 patients, but were normalized by study end. CONCLUSIONS: In this study in patients with DM-2 and the metabolic syndrome, long-term (12-month) combination treatment with R + M, but not G + M, was associated with a significant improvement in blood pressure control. Improvements in glycemic control and insulin resistance-related parameters were found at 9 months with R + M, compared with 12 months with G + M. Both treatments were well tolerated. SN - 0149-2918 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16291411/Long_term_effects_of_glimepiride_or_rosiglitazone_in_combination_with_metformin_on_blood_pressure_control_in_type_2_diabetic_patients_affected_by_the_metabolic_syndrome:_a_12_month_double_blind_randomized_clinical_trial_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0149-2918(05)00168-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -