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Craniofacial development in children with unilateral cleft lip and palate.
Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2006 Feb; 44(1):28-33.BJ

Abstract

Unilateral cleft lip and palate is the most common cleft in humans. We investigated the craniofacial morphology of Turkish children with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate who had operations to close the cleft lip when they were 3 months old and to close the palate at 12 months. They were not given orthopaedic or orthodontic treatment. We compared 42 patients with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate (UCCLP) with 45 control children without UCCLP at mean ages of 13 and 15 years. The children with UCCLP had considerable morphological deviations compared with the matched children without clefts. They had significantly shorter and more posteriorly positioned maxillas (p<0.01). There was also an increase in cranial base angle (p<0.05), mandibular plane and gonial angle (p<0.01). There was a reduction in the posterior facial height (p<0.05) and an increase in the anterior facial height (p<0.01). The profile of the soft tissue was more convex (p<0.001) and the upper lip was thinner than in the children in the control group (p<0.01), and their noses were relatively further backwards and downwards (p<0.01).

Authors+Show Affiliations

Ege University School of Dentistry, Department of Orthodontics, Bornova, Izmir, Turkey. servet_dogan@yahoo.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16298461

Citation

Doğan, Servet, et al. "Craniofacial Development in Children With Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate." The British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, vol. 44, no. 1, 2006, pp. 28-33.
Doğan S, Onçağ G, Akin Y. Craniofacial development in children with unilateral cleft lip and palate. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2006;44(1):28-33.
Doğan, S., Onçağ, G., & Akin, Y. (2006). Craniofacial development in children with unilateral cleft lip and palate. The British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery, 44(1), 28-33.
Doğan S, Onçağ G, Akin Y. Craniofacial Development in Children With Unilateral Cleft Lip and Palate. Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2006;44(1):28-33. PubMed PMID: 16298461.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Craniofacial development in children with unilateral cleft lip and palate. AU - Doğan,Servet, AU - Onçağ,Gökhan, AU - Akin,Yalçin, Y1 - 2005/11/18/ PY - 2005/02/25/received PY - 2005/07/29/accepted PY - 2005/11/22/pubmed PY - 2006/4/12/medline PY - 2005/11/22/entrez SP - 28 EP - 33 JF - The British journal of oral & maxillofacial surgery JO - Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg VL - 44 IS - 1 N2 - Unilateral cleft lip and palate is the most common cleft in humans. We investigated the craniofacial morphology of Turkish children with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate who had operations to close the cleft lip when they were 3 months old and to close the palate at 12 months. They were not given orthopaedic or orthodontic treatment. We compared 42 patients with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate (UCCLP) with 45 control children without UCCLP at mean ages of 13 and 15 years. The children with UCCLP had considerable morphological deviations compared with the matched children without clefts. They had significantly shorter and more posteriorly positioned maxillas (p<0.01). There was also an increase in cranial base angle (p<0.05), mandibular plane and gonial angle (p<0.01). There was a reduction in the posterior facial height (p<0.05) and an increase in the anterior facial height (p<0.01). The profile of the soft tissue was more convex (p<0.001) and the upper lip was thinner than in the children in the control group (p<0.01), and their noses were relatively further backwards and downwards (p<0.01). SN - 0266-4356 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16298461/Craniofacial_development_in_children_with_unilateral_cleft_lip_and_palate_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0266-4356(05)00248-2 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -