Expression of pro-apoptotic (p53, p21, bax, bak and fas) and anti-apoptotic (bcl-2 and bcl-x) proteins in serous versus mucinous borderline ovarian tumours.J Surg Oncol. 2005 Dec 15; 92(4):337-43.JS
We examined the expression of apoptosis-related proteins in serous versus mucinous borderline ovarian tumours, in comparison with benign and malignant ovarian tumours.
MATERIALS AND METHODS
Immunohistochemical expression of pro-apoptotic (p53, p21, bax, bak, fas) and anti-apoptotic proteins (bcl-2, bcl-x) was determined in 34 borderline (19 mucinous, 15 serous), 20 benign (10 mucinous, 10 serous) and 28 malignant ovarian tumours (9 mucinous, 19 serous).
A difference in semi-quantitative p53 expression was found between benign and borderline tumours (P = 0.01), but not between borderline and malignant tumours. Increased p21 expression was found in borderline versus benign tumours (P = 0.004). Bcl-2 expression was lower in borderline than in benign (P = 0.01) and malignant tumours (P = 0.02). No difference in bax, bak, fas or bcl-x expression was observed among the three tumour types. Higher percentage of p21 positive cells was found in serous than in mucinous borderline tumours (P < 0.001). Bcl-2 expression was higher in serous than in mucinous forms of benign (P < 0.001), borderline (P < 0.001), and malignant tumours (P < 0.003). No difference in p53, bax, bak, fas or bcl-x expression was observed between serous and mucinous borderline ovarian tumours.
Although p53 overexpression was a common feature of both mucinous and serous borderline tumours, p21 and bcl-2 overexpression appeared specific to serous tumours.