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[Geneticists in the service of war? The German Research Foundation, the Reich Research Council, and policy changes in research on heredity].
Medizinhist J. 2005; 40(2):141-68.MJ

Abstract

Historical research has hitherto focused on the specific contribution of human genetics research to National Socialist racial hygiene. During the Third Reich this field had a key position and received very substantial financial support from the government. However, this state sponsorship during the Nazi period was not constant, as documents from the most important public funding organizations for academic research in Germany, the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft) and the Reich Research Council (Reichsforschungsrat) show. Human genetics saw a reduction in sponsorship as the government shifted its spending towards preparations for the war. Accordingly, many human geneticists and racial hygienists were unable to continue their research or were forced to change the focus of their work. It is also important to note that much of the available funds were concentrated on the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity and Eugenics. This essay analyzes the institutional context of science policy as well as the dynamics between the science of human heredity and Nazi politics during the war.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Ruprech-Karls-Universität Heildelberg, Institut für Geschichte der Medizin. anne.cottebrune@urz.uni-heidelberg.de

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Historical Article
Journal Article

Language

ger

PubMed ID

16300098

Citation

Cottebrune, Anne. "[Geneticists in the Service of War? the German Research Foundation, the Reich Research Council, and Policy Changes in Research On Heredity]." Medizinhistorisches Journal, vol. 40, no. 2, 2005, pp. 141-68.
Cottebrune A. [Geneticists in the service of war? The German Research Foundation, the Reich Research Council, and policy changes in research on heredity]. Medizinhist J. 2005;40(2):141-68.
Cottebrune, A. (2005). [Geneticists in the service of war? The German Research Foundation, the Reich Research Council, and policy changes in research on heredity]. Medizinhistorisches Journal, 40(2), 141-68.
Cottebrune A. [Geneticists in the Service of War? the German Research Foundation, the Reich Research Council, and Policy Changes in Research On Heredity]. Medizinhist J. 2005;40(2):141-68. PubMed PMID: 16300098.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [Geneticists in the service of war? The German Research Foundation, the Reich Research Council, and policy changes in research on heredity]. A1 - Cottebrune,Anne, PY - 2005/11/23/pubmed PY - 2006/1/27/medline PY - 2005/11/23/entrez SP - 141 EP - 68 JF - Medizinhistorisches Journal JO - Medizinhist J VL - 40 IS - 2 N2 - Historical research has hitherto focused on the specific contribution of human genetics research to National Socialist racial hygiene. During the Third Reich this field had a key position and received very substantial financial support from the government. However, this state sponsorship during the Nazi period was not constant, as documents from the most important public funding organizations for academic research in Germany, the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft) and the Reich Research Council (Reichsforschungsrat) show. Human genetics saw a reduction in sponsorship as the government shifted its spending towards preparations for the war. Accordingly, many human geneticists and racial hygienists were unable to continue their research or were forced to change the focus of their work. It is also important to note that much of the available funds were concentrated on the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Anthropology, Human Heredity and Eugenics. This essay analyzes the institutional context of science policy as well as the dynamics between the science of human heredity and Nazi politics during the war. SN - 0025-8431 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16300098/[Geneticists_in_the_service_of_war_The_German_Research_Foundation_the_Reich_Research_Council_and_policy_changes_in_research_on_heredity]_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -