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Mortality and morbidity remain high despite captopril and/or Valsartan therapy in elderly patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction, heart failure, or both after acute myocardial infarction: results from the Valsartan in Acute Myocardial Infarction Trial (VALIANT).
Circulation. 2005 Nov 29; 112(22):3391-9.Circ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

The elderly constitute an increasing proportion of acute myocardial infarction patients and have disproportionately high mortality and morbidity. Those with heart failure or impaired left ventricular left ventricular function after acute myocardial infarction have high complication and mortality rates. Little is known about outcomes with contemporary therapies in these patients.

METHODS AND RESULTS

The Valsartan in Acute Myocardial Infarction Trial (VALIANT) randomized 14,703 patients with heart failure and/or left ventricular ejection fraction <40% to receive captopril, valsartan, or both. Mortality and a composite end point, including cardiovascular mortality, readmission for heart failure, reinfarction, stroke, and resuscitated cardiac arrest, were compared for the age groups of <65 (n=6988), 65 to 74 (n=4555), 75 to 84 (n=2777), and > or =85 (n=383) years. With increasing age, 3-year mortality almost quadrupled (13.4%, 26.3%, 36.0%, and 52.1%, respectively), composite end-point events more than doubled (25.2%, 41.0%, 52.3%, and 66.8%), and hospital admissions for heart failure almost tripled (12.0%, 23.1%, 31.3%, and 35.4%). Outcomes did not differ between the 3 study treatments in any age group. Adverse events associated with captopril and valsartan were more common in the elderly and in patients receiving combination therapy. With increasing age, use of aspirin, beta-blockers, and statins declined, and use of digoxin, calcium-channel blockers, and non-potassium-sparing diuretics increased. On 3-year multivariable analysis, each 10-year age increase was associated with a hazard ratio of 1.49 (95% CI, 1.426 to 1.557; P<0.0001) for mortality and an odds ratio of 1.38 (95% CI, 1.31 to 1.46; P<0.0001) for readmission with heart failure.

CONCLUSIONS

Outcomes remained poor in elderly patients with heart failure and/or impaired left ventricular systolic function after acute myocardial infarction, although most received beta-blockers and all received an ACE inhibitor and/or an angiotensin receptor blocker. Better therapies and increased use of aspirin, beta-blockers, and statins are needed in this important and increasing patient group.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Green Lane Cardiovascular Service, Auckland City Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand. HarveyW@adhb.govt.nzNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16301343

Citation

White, Harvey D., et al. "Mortality and Morbidity Remain High Despite Captopril And/or Valsartan Therapy in Elderly Patients With Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction, Heart Failure, or Both After Acute Myocardial Infarction: Results From the Valsartan in Acute Myocardial Infarction Trial (VALIANT)." Circulation, vol. 112, no. 22, 2005, pp. 3391-9.
White HD, Aylward PE, Huang Z, et al. Mortality and morbidity remain high despite captopril and/or Valsartan therapy in elderly patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction, heart failure, or both after acute myocardial infarction: results from the Valsartan in Acute Myocardial Infarction Trial (VALIANT). Circulation. 2005;112(22):3391-9.
White, H. D., Aylward, P. E., Huang, Z., Dalby, A. J., Weaver, W. D., Barvik, S., Marin-Neto, J. A., Murin, J., Nordlander, R. O., van Gilst, W. H., Zannad, F., McMurray, J. J., Califf, R. M., & Pfeffer, M. A. (2005). Mortality and morbidity remain high despite captopril and/or Valsartan therapy in elderly patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction, heart failure, or both after acute myocardial infarction: results from the Valsartan in Acute Myocardial Infarction Trial (VALIANT). Circulation, 112(22), 3391-9.
White HD, et al. Mortality and Morbidity Remain High Despite Captopril And/or Valsartan Therapy in Elderly Patients With Left Ventricular Systolic Dysfunction, Heart Failure, or Both After Acute Myocardial Infarction: Results From the Valsartan in Acute Myocardial Infarction Trial (VALIANT). Circulation. 2005 Nov 29;112(22):3391-9. PubMed PMID: 16301343.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Mortality and morbidity remain high despite captopril and/or Valsartan therapy in elderly patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction, heart failure, or both after acute myocardial infarction: results from the Valsartan in Acute Myocardial Infarction Trial (VALIANT). AU - White,Harvey D, AU - Aylward,Philip E G, AU - Huang,Zhen, AU - Dalby,Anthony J, AU - Weaver,W Douglas, AU - Barvik,Ståle, AU - Marin-Neto,José Antonio, AU - Murin,Jan, AU - Nordlander,Rolf O, AU - van Gilst,Wiek H, AU - Zannad,Faiez, AU - McMurray,John J V, AU - Califf,Robert M, AU - Pfeffer,Marc A, AU - ,, Y1 - 2005/11/21/ PY - 2005/11/23/pubmed PY - 2006/2/24/medline PY - 2005/11/23/entrez SP - 3391 EP - 9 JF - Circulation JO - Circulation VL - 112 IS - 22 N2 - BACKGROUND: The elderly constitute an increasing proportion of acute myocardial infarction patients and have disproportionately high mortality and morbidity. Those with heart failure or impaired left ventricular left ventricular function after acute myocardial infarction have high complication and mortality rates. Little is known about outcomes with contemporary therapies in these patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Valsartan in Acute Myocardial Infarction Trial (VALIANT) randomized 14,703 patients with heart failure and/or left ventricular ejection fraction <40% to receive captopril, valsartan, or both. Mortality and a composite end point, including cardiovascular mortality, readmission for heart failure, reinfarction, stroke, and resuscitated cardiac arrest, were compared for the age groups of <65 (n=6988), 65 to 74 (n=4555), 75 to 84 (n=2777), and > or =85 (n=383) years. With increasing age, 3-year mortality almost quadrupled (13.4%, 26.3%, 36.0%, and 52.1%, respectively), composite end-point events more than doubled (25.2%, 41.0%, 52.3%, and 66.8%), and hospital admissions for heart failure almost tripled (12.0%, 23.1%, 31.3%, and 35.4%). Outcomes did not differ between the 3 study treatments in any age group. Adverse events associated with captopril and valsartan were more common in the elderly and in patients receiving combination therapy. With increasing age, use of aspirin, beta-blockers, and statins declined, and use of digoxin, calcium-channel blockers, and non-potassium-sparing diuretics increased. On 3-year multivariable analysis, each 10-year age increase was associated with a hazard ratio of 1.49 (95% CI, 1.426 to 1.557; P<0.0001) for mortality and an odds ratio of 1.38 (95% CI, 1.31 to 1.46; P<0.0001) for readmission with heart failure. CONCLUSIONS: Outcomes remained poor in elderly patients with heart failure and/or impaired left ventricular systolic function after acute myocardial infarction, although most received beta-blockers and all received an ACE inhibitor and/or an angiotensin receptor blocker. Better therapies and increased use of aspirin, beta-blockers, and statins are needed in this important and increasing patient group. SN - 1524-4539 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16301343/Mortality_and_morbidity_remain_high_despite_captopril_and/or_Valsartan_therapy_in_elderly_patients_with_left_ventricular_systolic_dysfunction_heart_failure_or_both_after_acute_myocardial_infarction:_results_from_the_Valsartan_in_Acute_Myocardial_Infarction_Trial__VALIANT__ L2 - http://www.ahajournals.org/doi/full/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.105.551143?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&amp;rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&amp;rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -