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Effects of two common polymorphisms of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma gene on metabolic syndrome.
Arch Med Res. 2006 Jan; 37(1):86-94.AM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)gamma is involved mainly in adipocyte differentiation and has been suggested to play an important role in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance and atherosclerosis. We investigated the frequencies of two common polymorphisms of PPARgamma gene, exon 6 C-->T substitution and exon B Pro12Ala in healthy subjects and analyzed the correlations between the different genotypes and insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular risk factors.

METHODS

Anthropometric measurements, fasting glucose, insulin and lipid profiles were measured in 253 Korean females. Homeostatic model assessments and quantitative insulin sensitivity check indices were calculated. Metabolic syndrome was diagnosed according to the NCEP-ATP III guidelines and the Western Pacific Region of WHO for obesity criteria for waist circumference. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-restriction fragment-length polymorphism and real-time PCR were performed for genotyping of the DNAs.

RESULTS

For C161T polymorphism, allele frequencies were 0.804 and 0.196 for T allele, and 0.947 for proline and 0.053 for alanine. There was no Ala12Ala homozygote in the population. No differences were seen in the mean values of age, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, fasting blood glucose level, fasting insulin levels, HOMA and QUICKI among different genotypes when analyzed as a whole, except that subjects with Pro12Ala had significantly higher body weight than those with Pro12Pro genotype. However, mean BMI, percent body fat and weight showed significant differences between genotypes in younger age group (< or =50 years). Although overall prevalence of metabolic syndrome had no association with the genotypes, the prevalence of decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol component was lower in those with the T allele than in those with the CC genotype. There was no association of the genotypes with glucose tolerance status. When the subjects were divided into four groups according to the combination of the genetic alleles of the two polymorphisms, subjects having Pro12Ala and T allele, simultaneously, showed significantly higher mean weight than those without Ala allele. Pro12Ala polymorphism seems to affect body weight, similar to the previous studies, and the effect was potentiated with the presence of T allele of C161T polymorphism.

CONCLUSIONS

Although either polymorphism failed to show significant association with insulin resistance, the fact that the prevalence of decreased HDL-C was lower in those with the T allele of C161T polymorphism suggests that this polymorphism might have a protective effect on atherosclerotic lipid profiles, which needs further investigation.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16314192

Citation

Rhee, Eun Jung, et al. "Effects of Two Common Polymorphisms of Peroxisome Proliferator-activated Receptor-gamma Gene On Metabolic Syndrome." Archives of Medical Research, vol. 37, no. 1, 2006, pp. 86-94.
Rhee EJ, Oh KW, Lee WY, et al. Effects of two common polymorphisms of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma gene on metabolic syndrome. Arch Med Res. 2006;37(1):86-94.
Rhee, E. J., Oh, K. W., Lee, W. Y., Kim, S. Y., Oh, E. S., Baek, K. H., Kang, M. I., & Kim, S. W. (2006). Effects of two common polymorphisms of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma gene on metabolic syndrome. Archives of Medical Research, 37(1), 86-94.
Rhee EJ, et al. Effects of Two Common Polymorphisms of Peroxisome Proliferator-activated Receptor-gamma Gene On Metabolic Syndrome. Arch Med Res. 2006;37(1):86-94. PubMed PMID: 16314192.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of two common polymorphisms of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma gene on metabolic syndrome. AU - Rhee,Eun Jung, AU - Oh,Ki Won, AU - Lee,Won Young, AU - Kim,Se Yeon, AU - Oh,Eun Sook, AU - Baek,Ki Hyun, AU - Kang,Moo Il, AU - Kim,Sun Woo, PY - 2005/01/14/received PY - 2005/04/19/accepted PY - 2005/11/30/pubmed PY - 2006/4/13/medline PY - 2005/11/30/entrez SP - 86 EP - 94 JF - Archives of medical research JO - Arch Med Res VL - 37 IS - 1 N2 - BACKGROUND: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor (PPAR)gamma is involved mainly in adipocyte differentiation and has been suggested to play an important role in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance and atherosclerosis. We investigated the frequencies of two common polymorphisms of PPARgamma gene, exon 6 C-->T substitution and exon B Pro12Ala in healthy subjects and analyzed the correlations between the different genotypes and insulin resistance, metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: Anthropometric measurements, fasting glucose, insulin and lipid profiles were measured in 253 Korean females. Homeostatic model assessments and quantitative insulin sensitivity check indices were calculated. Metabolic syndrome was diagnosed according to the NCEP-ATP III guidelines and the Western Pacific Region of WHO for obesity criteria for waist circumference. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-restriction fragment-length polymorphism and real-time PCR were performed for genotyping of the DNAs. RESULTS: For C161T polymorphism, allele frequencies were 0.804 and 0.196 for T allele, and 0.947 for proline and 0.053 for alanine. There was no Ala12Ala homozygote in the population. No differences were seen in the mean values of age, body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, fasting blood glucose level, fasting insulin levels, HOMA and QUICKI among different genotypes when analyzed as a whole, except that subjects with Pro12Ala had significantly higher body weight than those with Pro12Pro genotype. However, mean BMI, percent body fat and weight showed significant differences between genotypes in younger age group (< or =50 years). Although overall prevalence of metabolic syndrome had no association with the genotypes, the prevalence of decreased high-density lipoprotein cholesterol component was lower in those with the T allele than in those with the CC genotype. There was no association of the genotypes with glucose tolerance status. When the subjects were divided into four groups according to the combination of the genetic alleles of the two polymorphisms, subjects having Pro12Ala and T allele, simultaneously, showed significantly higher mean weight than those without Ala allele. Pro12Ala polymorphism seems to affect body weight, similar to the previous studies, and the effect was potentiated with the presence of T allele of C161T polymorphism. CONCLUSIONS: Although either polymorphism failed to show significant association with insulin resistance, the fact that the prevalence of decreased HDL-C was lower in those with the T allele of C161T polymorphism suggests that this polymorphism might have a protective effect on atherosclerotic lipid profiles, which needs further investigation. SN - 0188-4409 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16314192/Effects_of_two_common_polymorphisms_of_peroxisome_proliferator_activated_receptor_gamma_gene_on_metabolic_syndrome_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0188-4409(05)00207-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -