[HPLC investigation of antioxidant components in Solidago herba].Acta Pharm Hung. 2004; 74(4):223-31.AP
Representatives of Solidago species have been used in European phytotheraphy for centuries as a component of urological and antiphlogistical remedies. Solidago canadensis L. (Asteraceae) contains a wide range of active ingredients, such as flavonoids, saponins, hydroxycinnamates and mineral elements, which are responsible for its characteristic anti-inflammatory, spasmolytic and diuretic properties. Quality control of collected Solidaginis herba were performed according to the instructions of the X. German Pharmacopoea, while different LC-MS technologies were applied to evaluate the exact phenoloid composition. Three flavonol aglycons (quercetin, kaempferol and isorhamnetin) connected to several sugar components (glucose, rhamnose, galactose and rutinose), caffeoylquinic acid and a caffeoyl-shikimic acid glycoside were identified in the samples. Quercetin-3-O-beta-glucoside (isoquercitrin), quercetin-3-O-beta-galactoside (hyperoside), quercetin-3-O-beta-rhamnoside (quercitrin), quercetin-3-O-beta-rutinoside (rutin), kaempferol-3-O-beta-rhamnoside (afzelin), kaempferol-3-O-beta-rutinoside (nicotiflorin), caffeoil-quinic acid (chlorogenic acid) were identified in sample "A", while the presence of quercetin, quercetin-3-O-beta-glucoside (isoquercitrin), quercetin-3-/6"-O-acetyl-/-beta-glucopiranoside, quercetin-3-O-beta-rutinoside (rutin), kaempferol, kaempferol-3-O-beta-glucoside (astragalin), kaempferol-3-/6"-O-acetyl-/-beta-glucopiranoside, isorhamnetin, isorhamnetin-3-/6"-O-acetyl-/-beta-glucopiranoside, isorhamnetin-3-O-beta-rutinoside (narcissin), caffeoil-quinic acid (chlorogenic acid), caffeoil-shikimic acid-glucoside (dattelic acid-glucoside) were confirmed in sample "B". According to the occurrence of acetyl-glycosides and the diversity of sugar component of flavonoid glycosides Solidaginis herba samples chemotaxonomically were classified into different varieties. Incidence of acetyl-glycosidic flavonoids and absence of flavonoid galactosides and rhamnosides in the sample "B" together give support for the taxonomic recognition of varietases Solidago canadensis L. var. canadensis and var. scabra. Sample "A" was identified as Solidago canadensis L. var. canadensis, while sample "B" has proved to be belong to variety Solidago canadensis L. var. scabra. Due to the same flavonoid aglycons and the large amounts of flavonol glycosides occurring in each drug, phytochemical characteristics of investigated samples proved to be very similar.