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Fungal infections of the central nervous system in the dog and cat.
Clin Tech Small Anim Pract. 2005 Nov; 20(4):212-9.CT

Abstract

Fungal infections of the central nervous system (CNS) in dogs and cats are uncommon. The purpose of this paper is to review the clinical signs, diagnostic tests, and therapeutic options of fungal infections of the CNS in the dog and cat. Clinical signs are dependent on lesion location and are often multifocal. Extraneural involvement is common. Antemortem diagnosis can be difficult and is definitively made via cytology, biopsy, or culture of an affected organ or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Magnetic resonance imaging can support a diagnosis and may assist in therapeutic decisions. Fungal serology can support a diagnosis when direct visualization of the organism is not possible. Long-term azole maintenance therapy is suggested to enhance survival and prevent relapse. Serial cerebrospinal fluid evaluation and magnetic resonance imaging may identify early relapse.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Neurology, The Animal Care Center, Rohnert Park, CA 94928, USA. jlavely@accsonoma.comNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16317910

Citation

Lavely, James, and David Lipsitz. "Fungal Infections of the Central Nervous System in the Dog and Cat." Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice, vol. 20, no. 4, 2005, pp. 212-9.
Lavely J, Lipsitz D. Fungal infections of the central nervous system in the dog and cat. Clin Tech Small Anim Pract. 2005;20(4):212-9.
Lavely, J., & Lipsitz, D. (2005). Fungal infections of the central nervous system in the dog and cat. Clinical Techniques in Small Animal Practice, 20(4), 212-9.
Lavely J, Lipsitz D. Fungal Infections of the Central Nervous System in the Dog and Cat. Clin Tech Small Anim Pract. 2005;20(4):212-9. PubMed PMID: 16317910.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Fungal infections of the central nervous system in the dog and cat. AU - Lavely,James, AU - Lipsitz,David, PY - 2005/12/2/pubmed PY - 2005/12/20/medline PY - 2005/12/2/entrez SP - 212 EP - 9 JF - Clinical techniques in small animal practice JO - Clin Tech Small Anim Pract VL - 20 IS - 4 N2 - Fungal infections of the central nervous system (CNS) in dogs and cats are uncommon. The purpose of this paper is to review the clinical signs, diagnostic tests, and therapeutic options of fungal infections of the CNS in the dog and cat. Clinical signs are dependent on lesion location and are often multifocal. Extraneural involvement is common. Antemortem diagnosis can be difficult and is definitively made via cytology, biopsy, or culture of an affected organ or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Magnetic resonance imaging can support a diagnosis and may assist in therapeutic decisions. Fungal serology can support a diagnosis when direct visualization of the organism is not possible. Long-term azole maintenance therapy is suggested to enhance survival and prevent relapse. Serial cerebrospinal fluid evaluation and magnetic resonance imaging may identify early relapse. SN - 1096-2867 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16317910/Fungal_infections_of_the_central_nervous_system_in_the_dog_and_cat_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1096-2867(05)00054-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -