Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Attic perfection in anatomy: Bernhard Siegfried Albinus (1697-1770) and Samuel Thomas Soemmerring (1755-1830).
Ann Anat. 2005 Nov; 187(5-6):555-73.AA

Abstract

In Albrecht von Haller's history of anatomy (1777), the period of "Anatomes perfectio" starts with Bernhard Siegfried Albinus. This great anatomist from Leyden was convinced of his concept of a "homo perfectus", an ideal which was rooted in philosophy and which he attempted to bring to life in anatomical illustration through a synthesis of objectivity, symmetry and vitality. Over a generation later, this pursuit of perfection stood as a model for Samuel Thomas Soemmerring who strove to emulate Albinus in his own illustrations and text books. Rejecting the naturalistic alternative, he followed Albinus in attempting to visualize the ideal and invariable norm in anatomy--which in his eyes corresponded to ideal beauty--in such a way that all parts of the body were depicted as though they were alive. This classical approach to what Soemmerring called attic perfection in anatomy aimed at a unity stemming from both science and art. While he admired it in Albinus' atlases and writings, the term may be applied to his own works as well. In my article, these aspects are discussed against the background of the alternative naturalistic style in anatomy as championed by Govard Bidloo, Albrecht von Haller and William Hunter.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Anatomy, University of Münster, Vesaliusweg 2-4, D-48149 Münster, Germany. Reinhard.Hildebrand@ukmuenster.de

Pub Type(s)

Biography
Historical Article
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16320834

Citation

Hildebrand, Reinhard. "Attic Perfection in Anatomy: Bernhard Siegfried Albinus (1697-1770) and Samuel Thomas Soemmerring (1755-1830)." Annals of Anatomy = Anatomischer Anzeiger : Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft, vol. 187, no. 5-6, 2005, pp. 555-73.
Hildebrand R. Attic perfection in anatomy: Bernhard Siegfried Albinus (1697-1770) and Samuel Thomas Soemmerring (1755-1830). Ann Anat. 2005;187(5-6):555-73.
Hildebrand, R. (2005). Attic perfection in anatomy: Bernhard Siegfried Albinus (1697-1770) and Samuel Thomas Soemmerring (1755-1830). Annals of Anatomy = Anatomischer Anzeiger : Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft, 187(5-6), 555-73.
Hildebrand R. Attic Perfection in Anatomy: Bernhard Siegfried Albinus (1697-1770) and Samuel Thomas Soemmerring (1755-1830). Ann Anat. 2005;187(5-6):555-73. PubMed PMID: 16320834.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Attic perfection in anatomy: Bernhard Siegfried Albinus (1697-1770) and Samuel Thomas Soemmerring (1755-1830). A1 - Hildebrand,Reinhard, PY - 2005/12/3/pubmed PY - 2006/1/24/medline PY - 2005/12/3/entrez SP - 555 EP - 73 JF - Annals of anatomy = Anatomischer Anzeiger : official organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft JO - Ann. Anat. VL - 187 IS - 5-6 N2 - In Albrecht von Haller's history of anatomy (1777), the period of "Anatomes perfectio" starts with Bernhard Siegfried Albinus. This great anatomist from Leyden was convinced of his concept of a "homo perfectus", an ideal which was rooted in philosophy and which he attempted to bring to life in anatomical illustration through a synthesis of objectivity, symmetry and vitality. Over a generation later, this pursuit of perfection stood as a model for Samuel Thomas Soemmerring who strove to emulate Albinus in his own illustrations and text books. Rejecting the naturalistic alternative, he followed Albinus in attempting to visualize the ideal and invariable norm in anatomy--which in his eyes corresponded to ideal beauty--in such a way that all parts of the body were depicted as though they were alive. This classical approach to what Soemmerring called attic perfection in anatomy aimed at a unity stemming from both science and art. While he admired it in Albinus' atlases and writings, the term may be applied to his own works as well. In my article, these aspects are discussed against the background of the alternative naturalistic style in anatomy as championed by Govard Bidloo, Albrecht von Haller and William Hunter. SN - 0940-9602 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16320834/Attic_perfection_in_anatomy:_Bernhard_Siegfried_Albinus__1697_1770__and_Samuel_Thomas_Soemmerring__1755_1830__ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0940-9602(05)00074-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -