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Dietary sources of nutrients among rural Native American and white children.
J Am Diet Assoc 2005; 105(12):1908-16JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To identify important food sources of energy, fiber, and major macro- and micronutrients among rural Native American and white children.

DESIGN

In a 1997 cross-sectional study, food frequency questionnaire data were collected during in-person interviews with caregivers of young children.

SUBJECTS/SETTING

Participants included a representative sample of 329 rural Native American and non-Hispanic white children aged 1 through 6 years living in northeastern Oklahoma.

STATISTICAL ANALYSES

The percentage that each of 85 food items contributed to the population intake of 10 dietary constituents was calculated for the total sample and by age and race/ethnicity. Percentages are presented in descending rank order for foods providing at least 2% of the total sample intake. Z scores were used to assess age and racial/ethnic differences in food sources.

RESULTS

Primary energy sources among study children were milk, cheese, white breads, salty snacks, nondiet soft drinks, hot dogs, candy, and sweetened fruit drinks. Diets showed poor food variety. With few exceptions (eg, milk, cheese, 100% orange juice, ready-to-eat cereals, peanuts/peanut butter, and dried beans), top sources of most dietary constituents were low-nutrient-dense high-fat foods and refined carbohydrates. Solid fruits and vegetables contributed minimally to nutrient and fiber intake. There were few differences in food sources by age or race/ethnicity.

CONCLUSIONS

Among rural Native American and white children in northeastern Oklahoma, food sources of nutrients appear less healthful than found in national samples. Sugar-sweetened beverages, high-fat foods, and refined carbohydrates are displacing more nutrient-dense alternatives, increasing children's risk for childhood obesity, type 2 diabetes, and adult chronic disease.

Authors+Show Affiliations

CODA, Inc, Durham, NC, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16321596

Citation

Stroehla, Berrit C., et al. "Dietary Sources of Nutrients Among Rural Native American and White Children." Journal of the American Dietetic Association, vol. 105, no. 12, 2005, pp. 1908-16.
Stroehla BC, Malcoe LH, Velie EM. Dietary sources of nutrients among rural Native American and white children. J Am Diet Assoc. 2005;105(12):1908-16.
Stroehla, B. C., Malcoe, L. H., & Velie, E. M. (2005). Dietary sources of nutrients among rural Native American and white children. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 105(12), pp. 1908-16.
Stroehla BC, Malcoe LH, Velie EM. Dietary Sources of Nutrients Among Rural Native American and White Children. J Am Diet Assoc. 2005;105(12):1908-16. PubMed PMID: 16321596.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary sources of nutrients among rural Native American and white children. AU - Stroehla,Berrit C, AU - Malcoe,Lorraine Halinka, AU - Velie,Ellen M, PY - 2004/11/02/received PY - 2005/12/3/pubmed PY - 2006/1/25/medline PY - 2005/12/3/entrez SP - 1908 EP - 16 JF - Journal of the American Dietetic Association JO - J Am Diet Assoc VL - 105 IS - 12 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To identify important food sources of energy, fiber, and major macro- and micronutrients among rural Native American and white children. DESIGN: In a 1997 cross-sectional study, food frequency questionnaire data were collected during in-person interviews with caregivers of young children. SUBJECTS/SETTING: Participants included a representative sample of 329 rural Native American and non-Hispanic white children aged 1 through 6 years living in northeastern Oklahoma. STATISTICAL ANALYSES: The percentage that each of 85 food items contributed to the population intake of 10 dietary constituents was calculated for the total sample and by age and race/ethnicity. Percentages are presented in descending rank order for foods providing at least 2% of the total sample intake. Z scores were used to assess age and racial/ethnic differences in food sources. RESULTS: Primary energy sources among study children were milk, cheese, white breads, salty snacks, nondiet soft drinks, hot dogs, candy, and sweetened fruit drinks. Diets showed poor food variety. With few exceptions (eg, milk, cheese, 100% orange juice, ready-to-eat cereals, peanuts/peanut butter, and dried beans), top sources of most dietary constituents were low-nutrient-dense high-fat foods and refined carbohydrates. Solid fruits and vegetables contributed minimally to nutrient and fiber intake. There were few differences in food sources by age or race/ethnicity. CONCLUSIONS: Among rural Native American and white children in northeastern Oklahoma, food sources of nutrients appear less healthful than found in national samples. Sugar-sweetened beverages, high-fat foods, and refined carbohydrates are displacing more nutrient-dense alternatives, increasing children's risk for childhood obesity, type 2 diabetes, and adult chronic disease. SN - 0002-8223 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16321596/Dietary_sources_of_nutrients_among_rural_Native_American_and_white_children_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0002-8223(05)01549-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -