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Executive functions and ADHD in adults: evidence for selective effects on ADHD symptom domains.
J Abnorm Psychol. 2005 Nov; 114(4):706-17.JA

Abstract

Dual-process models of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) suggest that both executive functioning and regulatory functions (e.g., processing speed) are involved and that executive function weaknesses may be associated specifically with symptoms of inattention-disorganization but not hyperactivity-impulsivity. Adults aged 18-37 (105 with ADHD, 90 controls) completed a neuropsychological battery. The ADHD group had weaker performance than did the control group (p<.01) on both executive and speed measures. Symptoms of inattention-disorganization were uniquely related to executive functioning with hyperactivity-impulsivity controlled. Inattention was associated with slower response speed, and hyperactivity-impulsivity with faster output speed. Results were not accounted for by IQ, age, gender, education level, or comorbid disorders. Findings are discussed in terms of developmental and dual-process models of ADHD leading into adulthood.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824-1116, USA. nigg@msu.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16351391

Citation

Nigg, Joel T., et al. "Executive Functions and ADHD in Adults: Evidence for Selective Effects On ADHD Symptom Domains." Journal of Abnormal Psychology, vol. 114, no. 4, 2005, pp. 706-17.
Nigg JT, Stavro G, Ettenhofer M, et al. Executive functions and ADHD in adults: evidence for selective effects on ADHD symptom domains. J Abnorm Psychol. 2005;114(4):706-17.
Nigg, J. T., Stavro, G., Ettenhofer, M., Hambrick, D. Z., Miller, T., & Henderson, J. M. (2005). Executive functions and ADHD in adults: evidence for selective effects on ADHD symptom domains. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 114(4), 706-17.
Nigg JT, et al. Executive Functions and ADHD in Adults: Evidence for Selective Effects On ADHD Symptom Domains. J Abnorm Psychol. 2005;114(4):706-17. PubMed PMID: 16351391.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Executive functions and ADHD in adults: evidence for selective effects on ADHD symptom domains. AU - Nigg,Joel T, AU - Stavro,Gillian, AU - Ettenhofer,Mark, AU - Hambrick,David Z, AU - Miller,Torri, AU - Henderson,John M, PY - 2005/12/15/pubmed PY - 2006/3/8/medline PY - 2005/12/15/entrez SP - 706 EP - 17 JF - Journal of abnormal psychology JO - J Abnorm Psychol VL - 114 IS - 4 N2 - Dual-process models of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) suggest that both executive functioning and regulatory functions (e.g., processing speed) are involved and that executive function weaknesses may be associated specifically with symptoms of inattention-disorganization but not hyperactivity-impulsivity. Adults aged 18-37 (105 with ADHD, 90 controls) completed a neuropsychological battery. The ADHD group had weaker performance than did the control group (p<.01) on both executive and speed measures. Symptoms of inattention-disorganization were uniquely related to executive functioning with hyperactivity-impulsivity controlled. Inattention was associated with slower response speed, and hyperactivity-impulsivity with faster output speed. Results were not accounted for by IQ, age, gender, education level, or comorbid disorders. Findings are discussed in terms of developmental and dual-process models of ADHD leading into adulthood. SN - 0021-843X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16351391/Executive_functions_and_ADHD_in_adults:_evidence_for_selective_effects_on_ADHD_symptom_domains_ L2 - http://content.apa.org/journals/abn/114/4/706 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -