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Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in red deer (Cervus elaphus) and other wild ruminants from Spain.
Vet Parasitol. 2006 Mar 31; 136(3-4):193-200.VP

Abstract

Serum samples from 441 red deer (Cervus elaphus) and 161 other wild ruminant species, collected between 1993 and 2005 from six regions of Spain were tested for antibodies against Toxoplasma gondii by the modified agglutination test (MAT). Antibodies to T. gondii (MAT 1:25 or higher) were detected in 15.6% of red deer. Statistically significant differences were observed among sampling sites with seroprevalence in red deer from Catalonia (42.2%) being significantly higher compared with other Spanish regions (8.7%) (P < 0.05). Statistically significant differences were not observed between T. gondii seroprevalence and sex, age or management of hunting estates (open versus fenced). Seroprevalence of T.gondii infection in other ruminants species was 24% of 79 fallow deer (Dama dama), 21.8% of 33 in roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), 33.3% of three Spanish ibex (Capra pyrenaica), 20% of 10 chamois (Rupicapra pyrenaica), 10% of 10 barbary sheep (Ammotragus lervia), and 14.8% of 27 mouflon (Ovis ammon) in areas not including Catalonia, where no samples from these species were available. Serological results indicated a widespread exposure to T. gondii among wildlife in Spain and suggest that consumption of raw or inadequately cooked meat, as well as handling carcasses of wild game, should be taken into account as a source of infection for humans.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, Anatomy and Animal Health Department, Veterinary School, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Bellaterra, Spain.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16359801

Citation

Gauss, C B L., et al. "Prevalence of Toxoplasma Gondii Antibodies in Red Deer (Cervus Elaphus) and Other Wild Ruminants From Spain." Veterinary Parasitology, vol. 136, no. 3-4, 2006, pp. 193-200.
Gauss CB, Dubey JP, Vidal D, et al. Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in red deer (Cervus elaphus) and other wild ruminants from Spain. Vet Parasitol. 2006;136(3-4):193-200.
Gauss, C. B., Dubey, J. P., Vidal, D., Cabezón, O., Ruiz-Fons, F., Vicente, J., Marco, I., Lavin, S., Gortazar, C., & Almería, S. (2006). Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in red deer (Cervus elaphus) and other wild ruminants from Spain. Veterinary Parasitology, 136(3-4), 193-200.
Gauss CB, et al. Prevalence of Toxoplasma Gondii Antibodies in Red Deer (Cervus Elaphus) and Other Wild Ruminants From Spain. Vet Parasitol. 2006 Mar 31;136(3-4):193-200. PubMed PMID: 16359801.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in red deer (Cervus elaphus) and other wild ruminants from Spain. AU - Gauss,C B L, AU - Dubey,J P, AU - Vidal,D, AU - Cabezón,O, AU - Ruiz-Fons,F, AU - Vicente,J, AU - Marco,I, AU - Lavin,S, AU - Gortazar,C, AU - Almería,S, Y1 - 2005/12/15/ PY - 2005/10/26/received PY - 2005/11/09/revised PY - 2005/11/10/accepted PY - 2005/12/20/pubmed PY - 2006/6/9/medline PY - 2005/12/20/entrez SP - 193 EP - 200 JF - Veterinary parasitology JO - Vet Parasitol VL - 136 IS - 3-4 N2 - Serum samples from 441 red deer (Cervus elaphus) and 161 other wild ruminant species, collected between 1993 and 2005 from six regions of Spain were tested for antibodies against Toxoplasma gondii by the modified agglutination test (MAT). Antibodies to T. gondii (MAT 1:25 or higher) were detected in 15.6% of red deer. Statistically significant differences were observed among sampling sites with seroprevalence in red deer from Catalonia (42.2%) being significantly higher compared with other Spanish regions (8.7%) (P < 0.05). Statistically significant differences were not observed between T. gondii seroprevalence and sex, age or management of hunting estates (open versus fenced). Seroprevalence of T.gondii infection in other ruminants species was 24% of 79 fallow deer (Dama dama), 21.8% of 33 in roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), 33.3% of three Spanish ibex (Capra pyrenaica), 20% of 10 chamois (Rupicapra pyrenaica), 10% of 10 barbary sheep (Ammotragus lervia), and 14.8% of 27 mouflon (Ovis ammon) in areas not including Catalonia, where no samples from these species were available. Serological results indicated a widespread exposure to T. gondii among wildlife in Spain and suggest that consumption of raw or inadequately cooked meat, as well as handling carcasses of wild game, should be taken into account as a source of infection for humans. SN - 0304-4017 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16359801/Prevalence_of_Toxoplasma_gondii_antibodies_in_red_deer__Cervus_elaphus__and_other_wild_ruminants_from_Spain_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0304-4017(05)00554-6 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -