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A test of morphological hypotheses for tribal and subtribal relationships of Aphidinae (Insecta: Hemiptera: Aphididae) using DNA sequences.
Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2006 Feb; 38(2):316-29.MP

Abstract

Aphidinae is the most diverse major lineage of aphids (Aphididae). Aphidinae currently dominate the temperate, northern-hemisphere fauna, but only since the late Tertiary, and few species are native to the southern hemisphere. The success of Aphidinae may be linked to the evolution of an unusual life cycle, host alternation. The classification and phylogeny of Aphidinae have been controversial; schemes based on morphology have been confounded by widespread homoplasy. Here we present the first phylogenetic study of higher-level Aphidinae relationships based on molecular data (elongation factor-1alpha, leucine tRNA, and cytochrome oxidase II sequences). Analyses supported the monophyly of Aphidini and its subtribes, Aphidina and Ropalosiphina, but revealed novel relationships concerning Pterocommatini and Macrosiphini, with the former nested within the latter tribe as the sister to Cavariella. Several relationships within Pterocommatini + Macrosiphini corresponded better with host-plant affiliations than with aphid classification. Overall, relationships found here challenge several traditional views of Aphidinae evolution: they suggest more than one origin of host alternation in the family, and they question the assumption that Aphidinae originated in the northern hemisphere.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Biology, 5305 Old Main Hill, Utah State University, Logan, 84322, USA. cvond@biology.usu.eduNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16368250

Citation

von Dohlen, Carol D., et al. "A Test of Morphological Hypotheses for Tribal and Subtribal Relationships of Aphidinae (Insecta: Hemiptera: Aphididae) Using DNA Sequences." Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, vol. 38, no. 2, 2006, pp. 316-29.
von Dohlen CD, Rowe CA, Heie OE. A test of morphological hypotheses for tribal and subtribal relationships of Aphidinae (Insecta: Hemiptera: Aphididae) using DNA sequences. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2006;38(2):316-29.
von Dohlen, C. D., Rowe, C. A., & Heie, O. E. (2006). A test of morphological hypotheses for tribal and subtribal relationships of Aphidinae (Insecta: Hemiptera: Aphididae) using DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 38(2), 316-29.
von Dohlen CD, Rowe CA, Heie OE. A Test of Morphological Hypotheses for Tribal and Subtribal Relationships of Aphidinae (Insecta: Hemiptera: Aphididae) Using DNA Sequences. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2006;38(2):316-29. PubMed PMID: 16368250.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A test of morphological hypotheses for tribal and subtribal relationships of Aphidinae (Insecta: Hemiptera: Aphididae) using DNA sequences. AU - von Dohlen,Carol D, AU - Rowe,Carol A, AU - Heie,Ole E, Y1 - 2005/12/20/ PY - 2005/02/03/received PY - 2005/04/14/revised PY - 2005/04/27/accepted PY - 2005/12/22/pubmed PY - 2006/3/18/medline PY - 2005/12/22/entrez SP - 316 EP - 29 JF - Molecular phylogenetics and evolution JO - Mol Phylogenet Evol VL - 38 IS - 2 N2 - Aphidinae is the most diverse major lineage of aphids (Aphididae). Aphidinae currently dominate the temperate, northern-hemisphere fauna, but only since the late Tertiary, and few species are native to the southern hemisphere. The success of Aphidinae may be linked to the evolution of an unusual life cycle, host alternation. The classification and phylogeny of Aphidinae have been controversial; schemes based on morphology have been confounded by widespread homoplasy. Here we present the first phylogenetic study of higher-level Aphidinae relationships based on molecular data (elongation factor-1alpha, leucine tRNA, and cytochrome oxidase II sequences). Analyses supported the monophyly of Aphidini and its subtribes, Aphidina and Ropalosiphina, but revealed novel relationships concerning Pterocommatini and Macrosiphini, with the former nested within the latter tribe as the sister to Cavariella. Several relationships within Pterocommatini + Macrosiphini corresponded better with host-plant affiliations than with aphid classification. Overall, relationships found here challenge several traditional views of Aphidinae evolution: they suggest more than one origin of host alternation in the family, and they question the assumption that Aphidinae originated in the northern hemisphere. SN - 1055-7903 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16368250/A_test_of_morphological_hypotheses_for_tribal_and_subtribal_relationships_of_Aphidinae__Insecta:_Hemiptera:_Aphididae__using_DNA_sequences_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1055-7903(05)00371-4 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -