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Feelings of revenge, retaliation motive, and posttraumatic stress reactions in crime victims.
J Interpers Violence. 2006 Feb; 21(2):229-43.JI

Abstract

Individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are often said to experience strong feelings of revenge. However, there is a need for confirmatory empirical studies. Therefore, in a study of 174 victims of violent crimes, the relation between feelings of revenge and posttraumatic stress reactions was investigated. Feelings of revenge were correlated with intrusion and hyperarousal but not with avoidance. Feelings of revenge explained incremental variance of intrusion and hyperarousal when the variance explained by victimological variables was controlled. The retaliation motive implied in feelings of revenge did not account for the relation between feelings of revenge and posttraumatic stress reactions. However, the relation was moderated by the time since victimization. Therefore, feelings of revenge must presumably be regarded as a maladaptive coping reaction to experienced injustice, but not in the first period after victimization.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of Berne, Switzerland. ulrich.orth@psy.unibe.chNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16368763

Citation

Orth, Ulrich, et al. "Feelings of Revenge, Retaliation Motive, and Posttraumatic Stress Reactions in Crime Victims." Journal of Interpersonal Violence, vol. 21, no. 2, 2006, pp. 229-43.
Orth U, Montada L, Maercker A. Feelings of revenge, retaliation motive, and posttraumatic stress reactions in crime victims. J Interpers Violence. 2006;21(2):229-43.
Orth, U., Montada, L., & Maercker, A. (2006). Feelings of revenge, retaliation motive, and posttraumatic stress reactions in crime victims. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 21(2), 229-43.
Orth U, Montada L, Maercker A. Feelings of Revenge, Retaliation Motive, and Posttraumatic Stress Reactions in Crime Victims. J Interpers Violence. 2006;21(2):229-43. PubMed PMID: 16368763.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Feelings of revenge, retaliation motive, and posttraumatic stress reactions in crime victims. AU - Orth,Ulrich, AU - Montada,Leo, AU - Maercker,Andreas, PY - 2005/12/22/pubmed PY - 2006/4/28/medline PY - 2005/12/22/entrez SP - 229 EP - 43 JF - Journal of interpersonal violence JO - J Interpers Violence VL - 21 IS - 2 N2 - Individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are often said to experience strong feelings of revenge. However, there is a need for confirmatory empirical studies. Therefore, in a study of 174 victims of violent crimes, the relation between feelings of revenge and posttraumatic stress reactions was investigated. Feelings of revenge were correlated with intrusion and hyperarousal but not with avoidance. Feelings of revenge explained incremental variance of intrusion and hyperarousal when the variance explained by victimological variables was controlled. The retaliation motive implied in feelings of revenge did not account for the relation between feelings of revenge and posttraumatic stress reactions. However, the relation was moderated by the time since victimization. Therefore, feelings of revenge must presumably be regarded as a maladaptive coping reaction to experienced injustice, but not in the first period after victimization. SN - 0886-2605 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16368763/Feelings_of_revenge_retaliation_motive_and_posttraumatic_stress_reactions_in_crime_victims_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0886260505282286?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -