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Intestinal parasite isolates in AIDS patients with chronic diarrhea in Gondar Teaching Hospital, North west Ethiopia.
Ethiop Med J. 2005 Apr; 43(2):93-6.EM

Abstract

Chronic diarrhea is one of the major AIDS-defining illnesses in WHO Classification and occurs in 60-90% of HIV-infected patients in Africa. We did a case series study on parasite isolation in stool samples of AIDS patients with chronic diarrhea using wet-mount, Formol-Ether concentration technique and Modified Acid-Fast staining method in Gondar Teaching Hospital between January and September 2000. Seventy AIDS patients with chronic diarrhea were included in the study. Wasting syndrome was the clinical presentation in (97%) almost all AIDS patients who had chronic diarrhea. Intestinal parasites were detected in 41 out of 70 diarrheal specimens in AIDS patients. Multiple parasitic injections were detected in three diarrheal specimens. Intracellular parasite, (29%) Cryptosporidium parvum, and mucosal parasite, (17%) Strongyloides stercoralis were the frequently isolated parasites in diarrheal specimens of AIDS patients, accounting for 80% diarrhaegen pathogens among positive specimens. Cryptosporidium parvum, under-estimated cause of chronic diarrhea in immunocompetent adults, was found to be the prominent diarrheagen in AIDS patients in this study, similar with other studies in different African countries.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Gondar University.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16370538

Citation

Tadesse, Abilo, and Afework Kassu. "Intestinal Parasite Isolates in AIDS Patients With Chronic Diarrhea in Gondar Teaching Hospital, North West Ethiopia." Ethiopian Medical Journal, vol. 43, no. 2, 2005, pp. 93-6.
Tadesse A, Kassu A. Intestinal parasite isolates in AIDS patients with chronic diarrhea in Gondar Teaching Hospital, North west Ethiopia. Ethiop Med J. 2005;43(2):93-6.
Tadesse, A., & Kassu, A. (2005). Intestinal parasite isolates in AIDS patients with chronic diarrhea in Gondar Teaching Hospital, North west Ethiopia. Ethiopian Medical Journal, 43(2), 93-6.
Tadesse A, Kassu A. Intestinal Parasite Isolates in AIDS Patients With Chronic Diarrhea in Gondar Teaching Hospital, North West Ethiopia. Ethiop Med J. 2005;43(2):93-6. PubMed PMID: 16370538.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Intestinal parasite isolates in AIDS patients with chronic diarrhea in Gondar Teaching Hospital, North west Ethiopia. AU - Tadesse,Abilo, AU - Kassu,Afework, PY - 2005/12/24/pubmed PY - 2006/2/17/medline PY - 2005/12/24/entrez SP - 93 EP - 6 JF - Ethiopian medical journal JO - Ethiop Med J VL - 43 IS - 2 N2 - Chronic diarrhea is one of the major AIDS-defining illnesses in WHO Classification and occurs in 60-90% of HIV-infected patients in Africa. We did a case series study on parasite isolation in stool samples of AIDS patients with chronic diarrhea using wet-mount, Formol-Ether concentration technique and Modified Acid-Fast staining method in Gondar Teaching Hospital between January and September 2000. Seventy AIDS patients with chronic diarrhea were included in the study. Wasting syndrome was the clinical presentation in (97%) almost all AIDS patients who had chronic diarrhea. Intestinal parasites were detected in 41 out of 70 diarrheal specimens in AIDS patients. Multiple parasitic injections were detected in three diarrheal specimens. Intracellular parasite, (29%) Cryptosporidium parvum, and mucosal parasite, (17%) Strongyloides stercoralis were the frequently isolated parasites in diarrheal specimens of AIDS patients, accounting for 80% diarrhaegen pathogens among positive specimens. Cryptosporidium parvum, under-estimated cause of chronic diarrhea in immunocompetent adults, was found to be the prominent diarrheagen in AIDS patients in this study, similar with other studies in different African countries. SN - 0014-1755 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16370538/Intestinal_parasite_isolates_in_AIDS_patients_with_chronic_diarrhea_in_Gondar_Teaching_Hospital_North_west_Ethiopia_ L2 - http://www.diseaseinfosearch.org/result/279 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -