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Taeniasis/cysticercosis in Papua (Irian Jaya), Indonesia.
Parasitol Int. 2006; 55 Suppl:S143-8.PI

Abstract

Reports showed that an important parasitic zoonotic disease caused by Taenia solium, Taenia saginata and Taenia asiatica is found endemic in several areas of Indonesia including Papua, Bali and North Sumatra. At present it is known that the highest prevalence of taeniasis/cysticercosis in Indonesia, caused by T. solium is among the indigenous communities in Papua (formerly Irian Jaya). In the early 1970s, 8-9% of stool samples from the Enarotali hospital, Paniai District (Irian Jaya) were found positive with Taenia eggs. The samples were from members of the Ekari (Kapauku) ethnic group. Stool samples from the Moni ethnic group, living east of surrounding lakes, were egg negative. Cysticerci of T. solium were discovered in pigs. During the years 1973-1976 cases of burns increased and were ultimately found to be primarily associated with epileptic seizures induced by neurocysticercosis cases. Among 257 cases of burns, 88 cases (62.8%) were suffering from epileptic seizures before or during hospitalization. In the year 1981 T. solium seropositive persons were mostly (16%) found in the endemic Obano village. In 1997 the parasite was discovered in Jayawijaya District, which is located approximately 250 km east of Paniai District. During 1991-1995, a local health center in Assologaima, Jayawijaya District reported 1120 new cases with burns and a further 293 new cases of epileptic seizures among 15,939 inhabitants. The histopathologic appearance and mitochondrial DNA analysis found the cysts to be similar to those of T. solium from other regions of the world. Sensitive and specific serological diagnostic methods were used and improved. Cysticerci were detected in dogs, as well as in pigs. A coproantigen test for detection of adult tapeworms in patients was carried out. Medical treatment with praziquantel for taeniasis and albendazole for cysticercosis (with prednisone and sodium phenytoin treatment in cases with neurocysticercosis) was undertaken. Lifestyle, religion, and socioeconomic aspects are important issues in the perpetuation and enhancing the endemicity of T. solium taeniasis and cysticercosis in Papua, Indonesia.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department Research and Community Service, University of Indonesia. margonofk@yahoo.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Review

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16376603

Citation

Margono, Sri S., et al. "Taeniasis/cysticercosis in Papua (Irian Jaya), Indonesia." Parasitology International, vol. 55 Suppl, 2006, pp. S143-8.
Margono SS, Wandra T, Swasono MF, et al. Taeniasis/cysticercosis in Papua (Irian Jaya), Indonesia. Parasitol Int. 2006;55 Suppl:S143-8.
Margono, S. S., Wandra, T., Swasono, M. F., Murni, S., Craig, P. S., & Ito, A. (2006). Taeniasis/cysticercosis in Papua (Irian Jaya), Indonesia. Parasitology International, 55 Suppl, S143-8.
Margono SS, et al. Taeniasis/cysticercosis in Papua (Irian Jaya), Indonesia. Parasitol Int. 2006;55 Suppl:S143-8. PubMed PMID: 16376603.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Taeniasis/cysticercosis in Papua (Irian Jaya), Indonesia. AU - Margono,Sri S, AU - Wandra,Toni, AU - Swasono,Meutia F, AU - Murni,Sri, AU - Craig,Philip S, AU - Ito,Akira, Y1 - 2005/12/22/ PY - 2005/12/27/pubmed PY - 2006/4/28/medline PY - 2005/12/27/entrez SP - S143 EP - 8 JF - Parasitology international JO - Parasitol. Int. VL - 55 Suppl N2 - Reports showed that an important parasitic zoonotic disease caused by Taenia solium, Taenia saginata and Taenia asiatica is found endemic in several areas of Indonesia including Papua, Bali and North Sumatra. At present it is known that the highest prevalence of taeniasis/cysticercosis in Indonesia, caused by T. solium is among the indigenous communities in Papua (formerly Irian Jaya). In the early 1970s, 8-9% of stool samples from the Enarotali hospital, Paniai District (Irian Jaya) were found positive with Taenia eggs. The samples were from members of the Ekari (Kapauku) ethnic group. Stool samples from the Moni ethnic group, living east of surrounding lakes, were egg negative. Cysticerci of T. solium were discovered in pigs. During the years 1973-1976 cases of burns increased and were ultimately found to be primarily associated with epileptic seizures induced by neurocysticercosis cases. Among 257 cases of burns, 88 cases (62.8%) were suffering from epileptic seizures before or during hospitalization. In the year 1981 T. solium seropositive persons were mostly (16%) found in the endemic Obano village. In 1997 the parasite was discovered in Jayawijaya District, which is located approximately 250 km east of Paniai District. During 1991-1995, a local health center in Assologaima, Jayawijaya District reported 1120 new cases with burns and a further 293 new cases of epileptic seizures among 15,939 inhabitants. The histopathologic appearance and mitochondrial DNA analysis found the cysts to be similar to those of T. solium from other regions of the world. Sensitive and specific serological diagnostic methods were used and improved. Cysticerci were detected in dogs, as well as in pigs. A coproantigen test for detection of adult tapeworms in patients was carried out. Medical treatment with praziquantel for taeniasis and albendazole for cysticercosis (with prednisone and sodium phenytoin treatment in cases with neurocysticercosis) was undertaken. Lifestyle, religion, and socioeconomic aspects are important issues in the perpetuation and enhancing the endemicity of T. solium taeniasis and cysticercosis in Papua, Indonesia. SN - 1383-5769 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16376603/Taeniasis/cysticercosis_in_Papua__Irian_Jaya__Indonesia_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1383-5769(05)00126-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -