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Effects of dose and time on the ability of alcohol to prime social drinkers.
Behav Pharmacol. 2006 Feb; 17(1):61-70.BP

Abstract

Interoceptive drug cues, through associations with the drug's reinforcing properties, may act as conditioned stimuli and elicit conditioned responses. For instance, a dose of alcohol, given to alcohol-experienced people, can lead to an enhancement of alcohol drinking, a phenomenon known as the priming effect. The present study aimed to investigate the alcohol priming effect in non-dependent social drinkers with respect to the dose of alcohol preload and the time of testing after preload. Fifteen social drinkers participated in five daily consecutive sessions. On days 1 and 2 (training sessions), participants consumed a 500 ml beverage of either 0.6 g/kg of alcohol or placebo (50 ml aliquots) presented in 10 colour-coded cups. During days 3, 4 and 5 (testing sessions), a preload of placebo, 0.3 or 0.6 g/kg of alcohol was given (in randomized sequence) in 10 opaque colourless cups. Thirty, 60 and 90 min following the preload, participants responded to an imagery script referring to the drinks sampled at training including a question on the number of aliquots participants would consume from each of the drinks if given the opportunity (hypothetical choice). Participants completed questionnaires evaluating mood and alcohol desires at baseline (before the beverages were given) and after the hypothetical choice. The hypothetical choice showed significant interactions between dose and time: the greatest number of alcohol aliquots were wanted 30 min following the 0.6 g/kg dose of alcohol preload. Ratings from the Desires for Alcohol Questionnaire also showed that alcohol desires peaked 30 min following the 0.6 g/kg of alcohol preload. These data support previous evidence that priming with alcohol can occur and indicate that dose of, and time after preload might affect the strength of, the priming effect for alcohol-related behaviours.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton, UK.No affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16377964

Citation

Rose, Abigail K., and Theodora Duka. "Effects of Dose and Time On the Ability of Alcohol to Prime Social Drinkers." Behavioural Pharmacology, vol. 17, no. 1, 2006, pp. 61-70.
Rose AK, Duka T. Effects of dose and time on the ability of alcohol to prime social drinkers. Behav Pharmacol. 2006;17(1):61-70.
Rose, A. K., & Duka, T. (2006). Effects of dose and time on the ability of alcohol to prime social drinkers. Behavioural Pharmacology, 17(1), 61-70.
Rose AK, Duka T. Effects of Dose and Time On the Ability of Alcohol to Prime Social Drinkers. Behav Pharmacol. 2006;17(1):61-70. PubMed PMID: 16377964.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Effects of dose and time on the ability of alcohol to prime social drinkers. AU - Rose,Abigail K, AU - Duka,Theodora, PY - 2005/12/27/pubmed PY - 2006/10/28/medline PY - 2005/12/27/entrez SP - 61 EP - 70 JF - Behavioural pharmacology JO - Behav Pharmacol VL - 17 IS - 1 N2 - Interoceptive drug cues, through associations with the drug's reinforcing properties, may act as conditioned stimuli and elicit conditioned responses. For instance, a dose of alcohol, given to alcohol-experienced people, can lead to an enhancement of alcohol drinking, a phenomenon known as the priming effect. The present study aimed to investigate the alcohol priming effect in non-dependent social drinkers with respect to the dose of alcohol preload and the time of testing after preload. Fifteen social drinkers participated in five daily consecutive sessions. On days 1 and 2 (training sessions), participants consumed a 500 ml beverage of either 0.6 g/kg of alcohol or placebo (50 ml aliquots) presented in 10 colour-coded cups. During days 3, 4 and 5 (testing sessions), a preload of placebo, 0.3 or 0.6 g/kg of alcohol was given (in randomized sequence) in 10 opaque colourless cups. Thirty, 60 and 90 min following the preload, participants responded to an imagery script referring to the drinks sampled at training including a question on the number of aliquots participants would consume from each of the drinks if given the opportunity (hypothetical choice). Participants completed questionnaires evaluating mood and alcohol desires at baseline (before the beverages were given) and after the hypothetical choice. The hypothetical choice showed significant interactions between dose and time: the greatest number of alcohol aliquots were wanted 30 min following the 0.6 g/kg dose of alcohol preload. Ratings from the Desires for Alcohol Questionnaire also showed that alcohol desires peaked 30 min following the 0.6 g/kg of alcohol preload. These data support previous evidence that priming with alcohol can occur and indicate that dose of, and time after preload might affect the strength of, the priming effect for alcohol-related behaviours. SN - 0955-8810 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16377964/Effects_of_dose_and_time_on_the_ability_of_alcohol_to_prime_social_drinkers_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/01.fbp.0000189814.61802.92 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -