Food seasoning spices mixture improves glucose metabolism and lipid profile in fructose-fed hyperinsulinemic rats.J Med Food. 2005 Winter; 8(4):502-7.JM
Fructose feeding has been shown to induce insulin resistance in rats, associated with hyperinsulinemia, hyperglycemia, and hypertriglyceridemia. We have investigated the effect of administering food seasoning spices mixture (SM) on glucose, insulin, and lipids in circulation and carbohydrate enzymes in the erythrocytes of high fructose-fed rats. Additionally, we also measured the protein glycation status by assaying the levels of glycated hemoglobin, fructosamine, and plasma protein glycation. Male Wistar rats received a daily diet containing either 60% fructose or 60% starch (control). The rats were administered SM at three different doses (10, 30, or 50 mg/day per rat) orally 15 days later. At the end of the 45-day experimental period, fructose-fed rats showed significantly higher levels of plasma glucose and insulin, dyslipidemia, and alterations in enzyme activities. Treatment with SM significantly reduced plasma glucose and insulin levels and brought about a favorable lipid profile. In these rats, the activities of enzymes of glucose metabolism were normal. These effects were observed at all three doses of SM. High homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) values indicated insulin resistance in fructose-fed rats, while the HOMA values in SM-treated fructose-fed rats were comparable to those of control rats. We conclude that administration of SM improves glucose metabolism and plasma lipid profile in fructose-fed rats, possibly through improved insulin-sensitizing actions of the active constituents.