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[The Hippocratic Oath: how many covenants, how many oaths?].
Medizinhist J. 2005; 40(3-4):247-73.MJ

Abstract

This study focuses on the ancient text of the Hippocratic Oath. Ancient authors refer to various oaths in the context of medical practice, but none of these closely resemble the Hippocratic Oath. The text of the Hippocratic Oath contains several contractual clauses, which clearly reflect a strictly structured community within an institutionalized professional framework. Comparison with the epigraphic and papyrological tradition suggests placing the text in the Hellenistic-Roman period. In particular, investigation of the oldest remaining ancient textual witness, the POxy XXXI 2547 of the third century A.D., reveals Christian influences in the use of language. This indicates a stage of development of the Hippocratic Oath in which the latter existed within a Christian context. The article concludes that, as early as the third century A.D., Christian influences played an equally significant role in the transmission of the Oath as pagan influences.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Universität Leipzig, Historisches Seminar, Lehrstuhl für Alte Geschichte, Leipzig. schubert@rz.uni-leipzig.deNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Historical Article
Journal Article

Language

ger

PubMed ID

16382688

Citation

Schubert, Charlotte, and Reinhold Scholl. "[The Hippocratic Oath: How Many Covenants, How Many Oaths?]." Medizinhistorisches Journal, vol. 40, no. 3-4, 2005, pp. 247-73.
Schubert C, Scholl R. [The Hippocratic Oath: how many covenants, how many oaths?]. Medizinhist J. 2005;40(3-4):247-73.
Schubert, C., & Scholl, R. (2005). [The Hippocratic Oath: how many covenants, how many oaths?]. Medizinhistorisches Journal, 40(3-4), 247-73.
Schubert C, Scholl R. [The Hippocratic Oath: How Many Covenants, How Many Oaths?]. Medizinhist J. 2005;40(3-4):247-73. PubMed PMID: 16382688.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [The Hippocratic Oath: how many covenants, how many oaths?]. AU - Schubert,Charlotte, AU - Scholl,Reinhold, PY - 2005/12/31/pubmed PY - 2006/1/28/medline PY - 2005/12/31/entrez SP - 247 EP - 73 JF - Medizinhistorisches Journal JO - Medizinhist J VL - 40 IS - 3-4 N2 - This study focuses on the ancient text of the Hippocratic Oath. Ancient authors refer to various oaths in the context of medical practice, but none of these closely resemble the Hippocratic Oath. The text of the Hippocratic Oath contains several contractual clauses, which clearly reflect a strictly structured community within an institutionalized professional framework. Comparison with the epigraphic and papyrological tradition suggests placing the text in the Hellenistic-Roman period. In particular, investigation of the oldest remaining ancient textual witness, the POxy XXXI 2547 of the third century A.D., reveals Christian influences in the use of language. This indicates a stage of development of the Hippocratic Oath in which the latter existed within a Christian context. The article concludes that, as early as the third century A.D., Christian influences played an equally significant role in the transmission of the Oath as pagan influences. SN - 0025-8431 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16382688/[The_Hippocratic_Oath:_how_many_covenants_how_many_oaths]_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/medicalethics.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -