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[French translation of Schalling-Sifneos Personality Scale Revised and Beth Israel Questionnaire, 2 evaluation tools of alexithymia].
Encephale. 1992 Mar-Apr; 18(2):171-4.E

Abstract

The concept of alexithymia was first proposed in the 1960's by Sifneos and Nemiah to describe personality traits originally found in psychosomatic patients but which have since been found in other types of patients (alcoholics, drug addicts, traumatic stress disorder patients, sociopaths) as well as in the general population. Etymologically, alexithymia signifies: incapacity to speak one's emotions (from the Greek: a, lack; lexis, word; thymos, sentiments). Alexithymia is not the impossibility of feeling one's emotions, but rather the impossibility of associating them with corresponding mental representations and thus verbalizing them. Such patients tend to act out, to speak circumstantially, and to have difficulty in relationships. A neurophysiological substratum, the absence of connexions between the limbic system and the neo-cortical regions, has been suggested by Sifneos, who has distinguished primary and secondary alexithymia. A "biological" deficit seems to be responsible for primary alexithymia, such as in found in split-brain patients or aprosodias in patients with right hemispheric strokes. Secondary alexithymia, on the other hand, seems to be due to psychodynamic factors such as massive utilisation of defense mechanisms like denial, repression and regression. Appropriate psychotherapy for such patients is debatable, but it seems that in most cases the analytical approach should be replaced by more directive therapies, including relaxation and bio-feedback, to help patients learn to stimulate, master, and verbalize their emotions. The Beth Israel Questionnaire (BIQ) is a rating scale evaluating such traits that is filled out by the rater based on a clinical interview.(

ABSTRACT

TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Authors+Show Affiliations

Hôpital de la Salpêtrière, Paris.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

English Abstract
Journal Article

Language

fre

PubMed ID

1638999

Citation

Smith, M, et al. "[French Translation of Schalling-Sifneos Personality Scale Revised and Beth Israel Questionnaire, 2 Evaluation Tools of Alexithymia]." L'Encephale, vol. 18, no. 2, 1992, pp. 171-4.
Smith M, Daurat A, Pariente P, et al. [French translation of Schalling-Sifneos Personality Scale Revised and Beth Israel Questionnaire, 2 evaluation tools of alexithymia]. Encephale. 1992;18(2):171-4.
Smith, M., Daurat, A., Pariente, P., & Sifneos, P. E. (1992). [French translation of Schalling-Sifneos Personality Scale Revised and Beth Israel Questionnaire, 2 evaluation tools of alexithymia]. L'Encephale, 18(2), 171-4.
Smith M, et al. [French Translation of Schalling-Sifneos Personality Scale Revised and Beth Israel Questionnaire, 2 Evaluation Tools of Alexithymia]. Encephale. 1992 Mar-Apr;18(2):171-4. PubMed PMID: 1638999.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - [French translation of Schalling-Sifneos Personality Scale Revised and Beth Israel Questionnaire, 2 evaluation tools of alexithymia]. AU - Smith,M, AU - Daurat,A, AU - Pariente,P, AU - Sifneos,P E, PY - 1992/3/1/pubmed PY - 1992/3/1/medline PY - 1992/3/1/entrez SP - 171 EP - 4 JF - L'Encephale JO - Encephale VL - 18 IS - 2 N2 - The concept of alexithymia was first proposed in the 1960's by Sifneos and Nemiah to describe personality traits originally found in psychosomatic patients but which have since been found in other types of patients (alcoholics, drug addicts, traumatic stress disorder patients, sociopaths) as well as in the general population. Etymologically, alexithymia signifies: incapacity to speak one's emotions (from the Greek: a, lack; lexis, word; thymos, sentiments). Alexithymia is not the impossibility of feeling one's emotions, but rather the impossibility of associating them with corresponding mental representations and thus verbalizing them. Such patients tend to act out, to speak circumstantially, and to have difficulty in relationships. A neurophysiological substratum, the absence of connexions between the limbic system and the neo-cortical regions, has been suggested by Sifneos, who has distinguished primary and secondary alexithymia. A "biological" deficit seems to be responsible for primary alexithymia, such as in found in split-brain patients or aprosodias in patients with right hemispheric strokes. Secondary alexithymia, on the other hand, seems to be due to psychodynamic factors such as massive utilisation of defense mechanisms like denial, repression and regression. Appropriate psychotherapy for such patients is debatable, but it seems that in most cases the analytical approach should be replaced by more directive therapies, including relaxation and bio-feedback, to help patients learn to stimulate, master, and verbalize their emotions. The Beth Israel Questionnaire (BIQ) is a rating scale evaluating such traits that is filled out by the rater based on a clinical interview.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) SN - 0013-7006 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/1638999/[French_translation_of_Schalling_Sifneos_Personality_Scale_Revised_and_Beth_Israel_Questionnaire_2_evaluation_tools_of_alexithymia]_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -
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