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Post-traumatic stress disorder in HIV-positive incarcerated women.
J Am Acad Psychiatry Law. 2005; 33(4):455-64.JA

Abstract

The primary objective of this study was to examine a sample (n = 81) of HIV-positive incarcerated women to compare those with and those without a diagnosis of lifetime post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with respect to demographics and legal, psychiatric, and health utilization histories. A secondary objective was to describe the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in the sample. Eighty-one women were interviewed with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-P), SCID II, and the Clinician Administered Post-traumatic Stress Scale for DSM-IV (CAPS). Women with lifetime PTSD (n = 60) were more likely than those without (n = 21) to be white or Hispanic and to have a history of arrests for prostitution, risky sexual behavior, and intravenous drug use. Women with lifetime PTSD were also more likely to have had outpatient psychiatric treatment, treatment with psychiatric medications, suicide attempts, lifetime cannabis abuse/dependence, lifetime major depression, and antisocial personality disorder. These results suggest that HIV-positive female inmates with lifetime PTSD are a complex population who are likely to need careful psychiatric assessment, and medical and mental health treatment.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychiatry, University of Connecticut Health Center, 263 Farmington Avenue, Farmington, 06030-2103, USA. lewis@psychiatry.uchc.edu

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16394221

Citation

Lewis, Catherine F.. "Post-traumatic Stress Disorder in HIV-positive Incarcerated Women." The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, vol. 33, no. 4, 2005, pp. 455-64.
Lewis CF. Post-traumatic stress disorder in HIV-positive incarcerated women. J Am Acad Psychiatry Law. 2005;33(4):455-64.
Lewis, C. F. (2005). Post-traumatic stress disorder in HIV-positive incarcerated women. The Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 33(4), 455-64.
Lewis CF. Post-traumatic Stress Disorder in HIV-positive Incarcerated Women. J Am Acad Psychiatry Law. 2005;33(4):455-64. PubMed PMID: 16394221.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Post-traumatic stress disorder in HIV-positive incarcerated women. A1 - Lewis,Catherine F, PY - 2006/1/6/pubmed PY - 2006/6/29/medline PY - 2006/1/6/entrez SP - 455 EP - 64 JF - The journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law JO - J Am Acad Psychiatry Law VL - 33 IS - 4 N2 - The primary objective of this study was to examine a sample (n = 81) of HIV-positive incarcerated women to compare those with and those without a diagnosis of lifetime post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with respect to demographics and legal, psychiatric, and health utilization histories. A secondary objective was to describe the prevalence of psychiatric disorders in the sample. Eighty-one women were interviewed with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-P), SCID II, and the Clinician Administered Post-traumatic Stress Scale for DSM-IV (CAPS). Women with lifetime PTSD (n = 60) were more likely than those without (n = 21) to be white or Hispanic and to have a history of arrests for prostitution, risky sexual behavior, and intravenous drug use. Women with lifetime PTSD were also more likely to have had outpatient psychiatric treatment, treatment with psychiatric medications, suicide attempts, lifetime cannabis abuse/dependence, lifetime major depression, and antisocial personality disorder. These results suggest that HIV-positive female inmates with lifetime PTSD are a complex population who are likely to need careful psychiatric assessment, and medical and mental health treatment. SN - 1093-6793 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16394221/Post_traumatic_stress_disorder_in_HIV_positive_incarcerated_women_ L2 - http://www.jaapl.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=16394221 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -