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Dietary intake and nutritional risk among free-living elderly people in Palma de Mallorca.
J Nutr Health Aging. 2005 Nov-Dec; 9(6):390-6.JN

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To describe the dietary intake of free-living, non-institutionalised, elderly people of Palma de Mallorca, and to evaluate their nutritional status and risk of undernutrition.

DESIGN

Anthropometric and dietary survey (3-day food record), and risk of undernutrition (MNA-SF) were assessed in 230 (89 men and 141 women) free-living elderly people (average age 72.7 +/- 5.9 years) in Palma de Mallorca.

RESULTS

Prevalence of undernutrition (1% in men and 5% in women), overweight (56% in men and 39% in women) and obesity (17% in men and 21% in women) were found. Mean daily energy intake (+/- SD) was 5.7 +/- 1.5 MJ in men and 5.3 +/- 1.3 MJ among women. The contribution of macronutrients to the total energy intake was different from the Recommended Intake for the elderly, since it was too derived from proteins, fats, SFA and sugars, but in only small amounts was derived from complex carbohydrates. Animal protein intake was two-thirds the total protein intake. Dietary fibre was low. Cholesterol/SFA ratio showed dietary risk of atherogenic potential. High percentages of elderly persons showed inadequate intake of calcium, magnesium, zinc, folic acid, vitamin D, and vitamin E.

CONCLUSIONS

An increase in dietary complex carbohydrate and fibre, a decrease in fats, especially SFA, and a balanced intake of animal/vegetable proteins and fats are recommended. Dietary supplementation, especially with calcium, vitamin C and E, and occasionally vitamin D, may be useful to improve nutritional and health status of free-living elderly people in Palma de Mallorca.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Laboratory of Physical Activity Sciences, Universitat de les Illes Balears, E-07122 Palma de Mallorca, Spain. pep.tur@uib.esNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16395510

Citation

Tur, J A., et al. "Dietary Intake and Nutritional Risk Among Free-living Elderly People in Palma De Mallorca." The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, vol. 9, no. 6, 2005, pp. 390-6.
Tur JA, Colomer M, Moñino M, et al. Dietary intake and nutritional risk among free-living elderly people in Palma de Mallorca. J Nutr Health Aging. 2005;9(6):390-6.
Tur, J. A., Colomer, M., Moñino, M., Bonnin, T., Llompart, I., & Pons, A. (2005). Dietary intake and nutritional risk among free-living elderly people in Palma de Mallorca. The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, 9(6), 390-6.
Tur JA, et al. Dietary Intake and Nutritional Risk Among Free-living Elderly People in Palma De Mallorca. J Nutr Health Aging. 2005 Nov-Dec;9(6):390-6. PubMed PMID: 16395510.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Dietary intake and nutritional risk among free-living elderly people in Palma de Mallorca. AU - Tur,J A, AU - Colomer,M, AU - Moñino,M, AU - Bonnin,T, AU - Llompart,I, AU - Pons,A, PY - 2006/1/6/pubmed PY - 2006/3/1/medline PY - 2006/1/6/entrez SP - 390 EP - 6 JF - The journal of nutrition, health & aging JO - J Nutr Health Aging VL - 9 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To describe the dietary intake of free-living, non-institutionalised, elderly people of Palma de Mallorca, and to evaluate their nutritional status and risk of undernutrition. DESIGN: Anthropometric and dietary survey (3-day food record), and risk of undernutrition (MNA-SF) were assessed in 230 (89 men and 141 women) free-living elderly people (average age 72.7 +/- 5.9 years) in Palma de Mallorca. RESULTS: Prevalence of undernutrition (1% in men and 5% in women), overweight (56% in men and 39% in women) and obesity (17% in men and 21% in women) were found. Mean daily energy intake (+/- SD) was 5.7 +/- 1.5 MJ in men and 5.3 +/- 1.3 MJ among women. The contribution of macronutrients to the total energy intake was different from the Recommended Intake for the elderly, since it was too derived from proteins, fats, SFA and sugars, but in only small amounts was derived from complex carbohydrates. Animal protein intake was two-thirds the total protein intake. Dietary fibre was low. Cholesterol/SFA ratio showed dietary risk of atherogenic potential. High percentages of elderly persons showed inadequate intake of calcium, magnesium, zinc, folic acid, vitamin D, and vitamin E. CONCLUSIONS: An increase in dietary complex carbohydrate and fibre, a decrease in fats, especially SFA, and a balanced intake of animal/vegetable proteins and fats are recommended. Dietary supplementation, especially with calcium, vitamin C and E, and occasionally vitamin D, may be useful to improve nutritional and health status of free-living elderly people in Palma de Mallorca. SN - 1279-7707 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16395510/Dietary_intake_and_nutritional_risk_among_free_living_elderly_people_in_Palma_de_Mallorca_ L2 - https://medlineplus.gov/nutritionforolderadults.html DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -