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Screening compliance and visual outcome in diabetes.
Acta Ophthalmol Scand. 2005 Dec; 83(6):687-90.AO

Abstract

PURPOSE

To study the relationship between screening compliance and visual outcome in a screening programme for diabetic eye disease.

METHODS

A retrospective case control study. The screening compliance of all the diabetes patients (n = 22) listed at the Icelandic National Registry for the Blind (visual acuity <0.3) was compared to a matched group of 44 non-blind diabetes patients (visual acuity > or =0.3) who participated in the same screening programme for diabetic retinopathy. Glycaemic control (HbA1c), office blood pressure and cholesterol levels were assessed.

RESULTS

The study group had a significantly lower level of compliance with the screening programme (27% +/- 38% [mean +/- SD] versus 77% +/- 26% [mean +/- SD]; p < 0.0001). Macular oedema or proliferative diabetic retinopathy was found in 60% (13/22) of the study group when entering the screening programme, compared to 7% (3/44) in the control group. Blood pressure (except diastolic BP among type 1 diabetes mellitus), blood glucose and cholesterol levels were identical. The prevalence of blindness and low vision amongst diabetes patients in Iceland is about 0.5%.

CONCLUSIONS

There was a significant relationship between screening compliance and visual outcome in diabetes patients in our screening programme.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Ophthalmology, Landspitali University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16396645

Citation

Zoega, Gunnar Már, et al. "Screening Compliance and Visual Outcome in Diabetes." Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica, vol. 83, no. 6, 2005, pp. 687-90.
Zoega GM, Gunnarsdóttir T, Björnsdóttir S, et al. Screening compliance and visual outcome in diabetes. Acta Ophthalmol Scand. 2005;83(6):687-90.
Zoega, G. M., Gunnarsdóttir, T., Björnsdóttir, S., Hreietharsson, A. B., Viggósson, G., & Stefánsson, E. (2005). Screening compliance and visual outcome in diabetes. Acta Ophthalmologica Scandinavica, 83(6), 687-90.
Zoega GM, et al. Screening Compliance and Visual Outcome in Diabetes. Acta Ophthalmol Scand. 2005;83(6):687-90. PubMed PMID: 16396645.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Screening compliance and visual outcome in diabetes. AU - Zoega,Gunnar Már, AU - Gunnarsdóttir,Thornóra, AU - Björnsdóttir,Sigríethur, AU - Hreietharsson,Astradur B, AU - Viggósson,Guethmundur, AU - Stefánsson,Einar, PY - 2006/1/7/pubmed PY - 2006/2/8/medline PY - 2006/1/7/entrez SP - 687 EP - 90 JF - Acta ophthalmologica Scandinavica JO - Acta Ophthalmol Scand VL - 83 IS - 6 N2 - PURPOSE: To study the relationship between screening compliance and visual outcome in a screening programme for diabetic eye disease. METHODS: A retrospective case control study. The screening compliance of all the diabetes patients (n = 22) listed at the Icelandic National Registry for the Blind (visual acuity <0.3) was compared to a matched group of 44 non-blind diabetes patients (visual acuity > or =0.3) who participated in the same screening programme for diabetic retinopathy. Glycaemic control (HbA1c), office blood pressure and cholesterol levels were assessed. RESULTS: The study group had a significantly lower level of compliance with the screening programme (27% +/- 38% [mean +/- SD] versus 77% +/- 26% [mean +/- SD]; p < 0.0001). Macular oedema or proliferative diabetic retinopathy was found in 60% (13/22) of the study group when entering the screening programme, compared to 7% (3/44) in the control group. Blood pressure (except diastolic BP among type 1 diabetes mellitus), blood glucose and cholesterol levels were identical. The prevalence of blindness and low vision amongst diabetes patients in Iceland is about 0.5%. CONCLUSIONS: There was a significant relationship between screening compliance and visual outcome in diabetes patients in our screening programme. SN - 1395-3907 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16396645/Screening_compliance_and_visual_outcome_in_diabetes_ L2 - https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/resolve/openurl?genre=article&amp;sid=nlm:pubmed&amp;issn=1395-3907&amp;date=2005&amp;volume=83&amp;issue=6&amp;spage=687 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -