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Fruit and vegetable intakes and asthma in the E3N study.
Thorax 2006; 61(3):209-15T

Abstract

BACKGROUND

A study was undertaken to investigate whether dietary intake predicted the prevalence of adult asthma among French women participating in the E3N study.

METHODS

Of 68 535 women who completed a food frequency questionnaire in 1993 which included 238 food items, 2145 (3.1%) reported having asthma. The distribution of food intake was divided into quartiles (Q(1)-Q(4)) and the prevalence of asthma was compared between the different quartiles (lowest as reference) using logistic regression models on cross sectional data.

RESULTS

After adjusting for age, body mass index, menopausal status, smoking status, total caloric intake, physical activity, and use of dietary supplements, women who had a greater intake of tomatoes (OR(Q1-Q4) 0.85 95% CI 0.75 to 0.96, test for trend p = 0.02), carrots (OR(Q1-Q4) 0.81 95% CI 0.72 to 0.92, test for trend p = 0.0003), and leafy vegetables (OR(Q1-Q4) 0.82 95% CI 0.73 to 0.93, test for trend p = 0.0009) had a lower prevalence of asthma. Apples were marginally related to the prevalence of asthma. No other fruits or vegetables were significantly associated with asthma prevalence.

CONCLUSIONS

These results suggest that the intake of some vegetables may decrease the prevalence of adult asthma.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública, Col Santa Maria Ahuacatitlan, 62508 Cuernavaca, Morelos, México. iromieu@correo.insp.mxNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16396945

Citation

Romieu, I, et al. "Fruit and Vegetable Intakes and Asthma in the E3N Study." Thorax, vol. 61, no. 3, 2006, pp. 209-15.
Romieu I, Varraso R, Avenel V, et al. Fruit and vegetable intakes and asthma in the E3N study. Thorax. 2006;61(3):209-15.
Romieu, I., Varraso, R., Avenel, V., Leynaert, B., Kauffmann, F., & Clavel-Chapelon, F. (2006). Fruit and vegetable intakes and asthma in the E3N study. Thorax, 61(3), pp. 209-15.
Romieu I, et al. Fruit and Vegetable Intakes and Asthma in the E3N Study. Thorax. 2006;61(3):209-15. PubMed PMID: 16396945.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Fruit and vegetable intakes and asthma in the E3N study. AU - Romieu,I, AU - Varraso,R, AU - Avenel,V, AU - Leynaert,B, AU - Kauffmann,F, AU - Clavel-Chapelon,F, Y1 - 2006/01/05/ PY - 2006/1/7/pubmed PY - 2006/4/11/medline PY - 2006/1/7/entrez SP - 209 EP - 15 JF - Thorax JO - Thorax VL - 61 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: A study was undertaken to investigate whether dietary intake predicted the prevalence of adult asthma among French women participating in the E3N study. METHODS: Of 68 535 women who completed a food frequency questionnaire in 1993 which included 238 food items, 2145 (3.1%) reported having asthma. The distribution of food intake was divided into quartiles (Q(1)-Q(4)) and the prevalence of asthma was compared between the different quartiles (lowest as reference) using logistic regression models on cross sectional data. RESULTS: After adjusting for age, body mass index, menopausal status, smoking status, total caloric intake, physical activity, and use of dietary supplements, women who had a greater intake of tomatoes (OR(Q1-Q4) 0.85 95% CI 0.75 to 0.96, test for trend p = 0.02), carrots (OR(Q1-Q4) 0.81 95% CI 0.72 to 0.92, test for trend p = 0.0003), and leafy vegetables (OR(Q1-Q4) 0.82 95% CI 0.73 to 0.93, test for trend p = 0.0009) had a lower prevalence of asthma. Apples were marginally related to the prevalence of asthma. No other fruits or vegetables were significantly associated with asthma prevalence. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that the intake of some vegetables may decrease the prevalence of adult asthma. SN - 0040-6376 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16396945/Fruit_and_vegetable_intakes_and_asthma_in_the_E3N_study_ L2 - http://thorax.bmj.com/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=16396945 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -