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Air pollution and lung cancer risks in China--a meta-analysis.
Sci Total Environ 2006; 366(2-3):500-13ST

Abstract

Lung cancer is a serious health problem in China, as in the rest of the world. Many studies have already proved that air pollution as well as other environmental factors can increase the risk of lung cancer. Based on epidemiological studies carried out in China, this paper proposes odds ratios (OR) to evaluate the risk of lung cancer from indoor air pollution for the Chinese population by applying the method of meta-analysis. For domestic coal use for heating and cooking, the pooled OR values are 1.83 (95% CI: 0.62-5.41) and 2.66 (1.39-5.07) for women and both sexes, respectively. For indoor exposure to coal dust, the OR values are 2.52 (95% CI: 1.94-3.28) and 2.42 (1.62-3.63) for women and both sexes, respectively. Cooking oil vapor is another factor increasing lung cancer risk. The OR values are 2.12 (95%CI: 1.81-2.47), 1.78 (1.50-2.12) and 6.20 (2.88-13.32) for nonsmoking women, women, and both sexes, respectively. Regarding environmental tobacco smoke, the pooled OR values are 1.70 (95% CI: 1.32-2.18) and 1.64 (1.29-2.07) for nonsmoking women and both sexes, respectively. Funnel plots with statistical test have been applied to examine the publication bias, and the results implied that the analysis of coal consumption and cooking oil pollution might be affected by publication bias. The meta-analysis results confirm the association between lung cancer and indoor air pollution for the Chinese population.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, PR China.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Meta-Analysis
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16406110

Citation

Zhao, Yu, et al. "Air Pollution and Lung Cancer Risks in China--a Meta-analysis." The Science of the Total Environment, vol. 366, no. 2-3, 2006, pp. 500-13.
Zhao Y, Wang S, Aunan K, et al. Air pollution and lung cancer risks in China--a meta-analysis. Sci Total Environ. 2006;366(2-3):500-13.
Zhao, Y., Wang, S., Aunan, K., Seip, H. M., & Hao, J. (2006). Air pollution and lung cancer risks in China--a meta-analysis. The Science of the Total Environment, 366(2-3), pp. 500-13.
Zhao Y, et al. Air Pollution and Lung Cancer Risks in China--a Meta-analysis. Sci Total Environ. 2006 Aug 1;366(2-3):500-13. PubMed PMID: 16406110.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Air pollution and lung cancer risks in China--a meta-analysis. AU - Zhao,Yu, AU - Wang,Shuxiao, AU - Aunan,Kristin, AU - Seip,Hans Martin, AU - Hao,Jiming, Y1 - 2006/01/10/ PY - 2005/06/24/received PY - 2005/10/07/revised PY - 2005/10/07/accepted PY - 2006/1/13/pubmed PY - 2006/9/30/medline PY - 2006/1/13/entrez SP - 500 EP - 13 JF - The Science of the total environment JO - Sci. Total Environ. VL - 366 IS - 2-3 N2 - Lung cancer is a serious health problem in China, as in the rest of the world. Many studies have already proved that air pollution as well as other environmental factors can increase the risk of lung cancer. Based on epidemiological studies carried out in China, this paper proposes odds ratios (OR) to evaluate the risk of lung cancer from indoor air pollution for the Chinese population by applying the method of meta-analysis. For domestic coal use for heating and cooking, the pooled OR values are 1.83 (95% CI: 0.62-5.41) and 2.66 (1.39-5.07) for women and both sexes, respectively. For indoor exposure to coal dust, the OR values are 2.52 (95% CI: 1.94-3.28) and 2.42 (1.62-3.63) for women and both sexes, respectively. Cooking oil vapor is another factor increasing lung cancer risk. The OR values are 2.12 (95%CI: 1.81-2.47), 1.78 (1.50-2.12) and 6.20 (2.88-13.32) for nonsmoking women, women, and both sexes, respectively. Regarding environmental tobacco smoke, the pooled OR values are 1.70 (95% CI: 1.32-2.18) and 1.64 (1.29-2.07) for nonsmoking women and both sexes, respectively. Funnel plots with statistical test have been applied to examine the publication bias, and the results implied that the analysis of coal consumption and cooking oil pollution might be affected by publication bias. The meta-analysis results confirm the association between lung cancer and indoor air pollution for the Chinese population. SN - 0048-9697 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16406110/Air_pollution_and_lung_cancer_risks_in_China__a_meta_analysis_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0048-9697(05)00767-9 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -