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RETRACTED ARTICLE

The influence of friends, family, and older peers on smoking among elementary school students: low-risk students in high-risk schools.
Prev Med. 2006 Mar; 42(3):218-22.PM

Abstract

BACKGROUND

This study examined how older smoking peers at school and the smoking behaviour of friends and family members are related to youth smoking.

METHODS

Multi-level logistic regression analysis was used to examine correlates of ever smoking in a sample of 4286 grade 6 and 7 students from 57 elementary schools in Ontario, Canada (2001).

RESULTS

Each 1% increase in the smoking rate among grade 8 students increased the odds that a student in grades 6 or 7 was an ever smoker versus never smoker [OR 1.05, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.08]. A low-risk student (no family or friends who smoke) was almost three times more likely to try smoking if he/she attended an elementary school with a relatively high prevalence of senior students who smoke than if he/she attended a school with a low prevalence of senior students who smoke.

CONCLUSION

Low-risk grade 6 and 7 students are at significantly greater risk of smoking if they attend an elementary school with a relatively high prevalence of smoking among senior students. Prevention programs should target both at-risk schools and at-risk students.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of Preventive Oncology, Cancer Care Ontario, Toronto, Canada. scott.leatherdale@cancercare.on.caNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Retracted Publication

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16406509

Citation

Leatherdale, Scott T., et al. "The Influence of Friends, Family, and Older Peers On Smoking Among Elementary School Students: Low-risk Students in High-risk Schools." Preventive Medicine, vol. 42, no. 3, 2006, pp. 218-22.
Leatherdale ST, Cameron R, Brown KS, et al. The influence of friends, family, and older peers on smoking among elementary school students: low-risk students in high-risk schools. Prev Med. 2006;42(3):218-22.
Leatherdale, S. T., Cameron, R., Brown, K. S., Jolin, M. A., & Kroeker, C. (2006). The influence of friends, family, and older peers on smoking among elementary school students: low-risk students in high-risk schools. Preventive Medicine, 42(3), 218-22.
Leatherdale ST, et al. The Influence of Friends, Family, and Older Peers On Smoking Among Elementary School Students: Low-risk Students in High-risk Schools. Prev Med. 2006;42(3):218-22. PubMed PMID: 16406509.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - The influence of friends, family, and older peers on smoking among elementary school students: low-risk students in high-risk schools. AU - Leatherdale,Scott T, AU - Cameron,Roy, AU - Brown,K Stephen, AU - Jolin,Mari Alice, AU - Kroeker,Christina, Y1 - 2006/01/09/ PY - 2004/11/24/received PY - 2005/11/16/revised PY - 2005/11/22/accepted PY - 2006/1/13/pubmed PY - 2007/1/31/medline PY - 2006/1/13/entrez SP - 218 EP - 22 JF - Preventive medicine JO - Prev Med VL - 42 IS - 3 N2 - BACKGROUND: This study examined how older smoking peers at school and the smoking behaviour of friends and family members are related to youth smoking. METHODS: Multi-level logistic regression analysis was used to examine correlates of ever smoking in a sample of 4286 grade 6 and 7 students from 57 elementary schools in Ontario, Canada (2001). RESULTS: Each 1% increase in the smoking rate among grade 8 students increased the odds that a student in grades 6 or 7 was an ever smoker versus never smoker [OR 1.05, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.08]. A low-risk student (no family or friends who smoke) was almost three times more likely to try smoking if he/she attended an elementary school with a relatively high prevalence of senior students who smoke than if he/she attended a school with a low prevalence of senior students who smoke. CONCLUSION: Low-risk grade 6 and 7 students are at significantly greater risk of smoking if they attend an elementary school with a relatively high prevalence of smoking among senior students. Prevention programs should target both at-risk schools and at-risk students. SN - 0091-7435 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16406509/The_influence_of_friends_family_and_older_peers_on_smoking_among_elementary_school_students:_low_risk_students_in_high_risk_schools_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0091-7435(05)00229-X DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -