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Management of retinal detachment when no break is found.
Ophthalmology. 2006 Mar; 113(3):398-403.O

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To review the results of 2 different surgical approaches in the management of primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachments (RDs) with undetected retinal breaks.

DESIGN

Retrospective, consecutive, interventional case series.

PARTICIPANTS

Medical records of 44 patients with uncomplicated macula-involving primary rhegmatogenous-appearing RDs, but without retinal breaks detected preoperatively or intraoperatively, were reviewed.

METHODS

All study patients were operated by the same surgeon between 1989 and 2004 using 2 approaches: 26 (59%) patients underwent a scleral buckling procedure (SBP) with or without subretinal fluid drainage, whereas 18 (41%) patients underwent scleral buckling combined with pars plana vitrectomy (PPV), fluid-gas exchange, and broad application of endolaser.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Single operation and final postoperative anatomic success, and 2-month postoperative and final best-corrected visual acuity (VA) (negative logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution [logMAR]).

RESULTS

Mean preoperative VAs were 1.73 logMAR units (median, 1.60; range, 0.48-2.60) in the combined surgery group and 1.52 logMAR units (median, 1.30; range, 0.30-2.60) in the scleral buckling group. Neither preoperative (P = 0.33), 2-month postoperative (P = 0.53), best-corrected (P = 0.98), nor final (P = 0.46) mean VA showed any statistically significant differences between the 2 treatment groups. A single operation reattachment rate of 72% (13/18 cases) was achieved in the combined surgery group, compared with 61.5% (16/26 cases) in the scleral buckling group (P = 0.17, log rank test). Immediate anatomic success rates were 89% after combined treatment and 38.5% after scleral buckling alone (P = 0.002). At the final visit, the retina was attached in 15 (83.3%) patients who received the combined treatment and in 22 (84.6%) patients who underwent scleral buckling (P = 0.900). Intraoperative subretinal hemorrhage occurred in 1 (5.6%) patient from the combined surgery group and in 2 (7.7%) patients from the scleral buckling group. Retinal incarceration in the drainage sclerotomy occurred in 1 (3.8%) case during the SBP. Proliferative vitreoretinopathy sufficient to require reoperation developed in 1 (5.6%) eye of the combined surgery group and in 3 (11.5%) eyes of the scleral buckling group.

CONCLUSIONS

Scleral buckling is as effective in the management of uncomplicated rhegmatogenous RDs with undetected breaks as is surgery combining scleral buckling and PPV.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Ophthalmology, Bascom Palmer Eye Institute, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, Florida 33101-6880, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16406538

Citation

Salicone, Alberto, et al. "Management of Retinal Detachment when No Break Is Found." Ophthalmology, vol. 113, no. 3, 2006, pp. 398-403.
Salicone A, Smiddy WE, Venkatraman A, et al. Management of retinal detachment when no break is found. Ophthalmology. 2006;113(3):398-403.
Salicone, A., Smiddy, W. E., Venkatraman, A., & Feuer, W. (2006). Management of retinal detachment when no break is found. Ophthalmology, 113(3), 398-403.
Salicone A, et al. Management of Retinal Detachment when No Break Is Found. Ophthalmology. 2006;113(3):398-403. PubMed PMID: 16406538.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Management of retinal detachment when no break is found. AU - Salicone,Alberto, AU - Smiddy,William E, AU - Venkatraman,Anna, AU - Feuer,William, Y1 - 2006/01/10/ PY - 2005/05/06/received PY - 2005/08/12/revised PY - 2005/10/03/accepted PY - 2006/1/13/pubmed PY - 2006/3/22/medline PY - 2006/1/13/entrez SP - 398 EP - 403 JF - Ophthalmology JO - Ophthalmology VL - 113 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To review the results of 2 different surgical approaches in the management of primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachments (RDs) with undetected retinal breaks. DESIGN: Retrospective, consecutive, interventional case series. PARTICIPANTS: Medical records of 44 patients with uncomplicated macula-involving primary rhegmatogenous-appearing RDs, but without retinal breaks detected preoperatively or intraoperatively, were reviewed. METHODS: All study patients were operated by the same surgeon between 1989 and 2004 using 2 approaches: 26 (59%) patients underwent a scleral buckling procedure (SBP) with or without subretinal fluid drainage, whereas 18 (41%) patients underwent scleral buckling combined with pars plana vitrectomy (PPV), fluid-gas exchange, and broad application of endolaser. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Single operation and final postoperative anatomic success, and 2-month postoperative and final best-corrected visual acuity (VA) (negative logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution [logMAR]). RESULTS: Mean preoperative VAs were 1.73 logMAR units (median, 1.60; range, 0.48-2.60) in the combined surgery group and 1.52 logMAR units (median, 1.30; range, 0.30-2.60) in the scleral buckling group. Neither preoperative (P = 0.33), 2-month postoperative (P = 0.53), best-corrected (P = 0.98), nor final (P = 0.46) mean VA showed any statistically significant differences between the 2 treatment groups. A single operation reattachment rate of 72% (13/18 cases) was achieved in the combined surgery group, compared with 61.5% (16/26 cases) in the scleral buckling group (P = 0.17, log rank test). Immediate anatomic success rates were 89% after combined treatment and 38.5% after scleral buckling alone (P = 0.002). At the final visit, the retina was attached in 15 (83.3%) patients who received the combined treatment and in 22 (84.6%) patients who underwent scleral buckling (P = 0.900). Intraoperative subretinal hemorrhage occurred in 1 (5.6%) patient from the combined surgery group and in 2 (7.7%) patients from the scleral buckling group. Retinal incarceration in the drainage sclerotomy occurred in 1 (3.8%) case during the SBP. Proliferative vitreoretinopathy sufficient to require reoperation developed in 1 (5.6%) eye of the combined surgery group and in 3 (11.5%) eyes of the scleral buckling group. CONCLUSIONS: Scleral buckling is as effective in the management of uncomplicated rhegmatogenous RDs with undetected breaks as is surgery combining scleral buckling and PPV. SN - 1549-4713 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16406538/Management_of_retinal_detachment_when_no_break_is_found_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0161-6420(05)01174-7 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -