mu- but not delta- and kappa-opioid receptor mediates the nucleus submedius interferon-alpha-evoked antinociception in the rat.Neurosci Lett. 2006 Apr 24; 397(3):254-8.NL
Previous studies have indicated that interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) can bind to opioid receptors and exerts an antinociceptive effect in both peripheral and central nervous systems. The current study investigated the antinociceptive effect of IFN-alpha unilaterally microinjected into the thalamic nucleus submedius (Sm) of rats on noxious thermal stimulus, and the roles of different subtypes of opioid receptors in mediating the Sm IFN-alpha-evoked antinociception. The results indicated that unilateral microinjection of IFN-alpha (4, 8, 16 pmol) into the Sm dose-dependently increased the hind paw withdrawal latency from the noxious heat stimulus, and this effect was reversed by pretreatment with non-selective opioid receptor antagonist naloxone (200 pmol) and specific mu-opioid receptor antagonist beta-FNA (1 nmol) into the same sites, whereas delta-opioid receptor antagonist ICI174,864 (1 nmol) and kappa-opioid receptor antagonist nor-BNI (1 nmol) failed to alter the effect of IFN-alpha. These results suggest that Sm is involved in IFN-alpha-evoked antinociception and mu- but not delta- and kappa-opioid receptor mediates the Sm IFN-alpha-evoked antinociception.