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Intake of vitamin and mineral supplements in an elderly german population.
Ann Nutr Metab. 2006; 50(2):155-62.AN

Abstract

AIM

To assess the prevalence of vitamin and mineral supplement use in a free-living elderly population and the contribution of these supplements to usual dietary intake.

METHODS

Analyses are based on data obtained from 388 subjects (>or=60 years) participating in the longitudinal study on nutrition and health status in an ageing population in Giessen (GISELA), Germany, in 2002. Nutrient intake from food was assessed by means of a 3-day estimated dietary record. Supplement use was recorded over a period of 3 days using a self-administered questionnaire.

RESULTS

Nearly half of the study population consumed at least 1 supplement within these 3 days. The use of supplements was more prevalent among women than among men (51.5 vs. 33.9%). On average women consumed 2.03+/-1.30 products and men 1.65+/-1.07 products. Magnesium, vitamin C and vitamin E were supplemented most often by men, while women supplemented magnesium, vitamin E and calcium most often. Most of the supplemented nutrients did not distinctly increase the average intake of the respective nutrients from the diet in this population. However, supplement use markedly decreased the proportions of elderly subjects with an intake below the current reference values for certain nutrients, particularly for vitamin E.

CONCLUSION

Results indicate that the intake of supplements is a common behavior in the population under investigation and therefore has to be considered when nutrient intake is evaluated.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Institute of Nutritional Science, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16407640

Citation

Schwarzpaul, S, et al. "Intake of Vitamin and Mineral Supplements in an Elderly German Population." Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism, vol. 50, no. 2, 2006, pp. 155-62.
Schwarzpaul S, Strassburg A, Luhrmann PM, et al. Intake of vitamin and mineral supplements in an elderly german population. Ann Nutr Metab. 2006;50(2):155-62.
Schwarzpaul, S., Strassburg, A., Luhrmann, P. M., & Neuhauser-Berthold, M. (2006). Intake of vitamin and mineral supplements in an elderly german population. Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism, 50(2), 155-62.
Schwarzpaul S, et al. Intake of Vitamin and Mineral Supplements in an Elderly German Population. Ann Nutr Metab. 2006;50(2):155-62. PubMed PMID: 16407640.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Intake of vitamin and mineral supplements in an elderly german population. AU - Schwarzpaul,S, AU - Strassburg,A, AU - Luhrmann,P M, AU - Neuhauser-Berthold,M, Y1 - 2006/01/09/ PY - 2005/04/22/received PY - 2005/08/12/accepted PY - 2006/1/13/pubmed PY - 2006/6/9/medline PY - 2006/1/13/entrez SP - 155 EP - 62 JF - Annals of nutrition & metabolism JO - Ann. Nutr. Metab. VL - 50 IS - 2 N2 - AIM: To assess the prevalence of vitamin and mineral supplement use in a free-living elderly population and the contribution of these supplements to usual dietary intake. METHODS: Analyses are based on data obtained from 388 subjects (>or=60 years) participating in the longitudinal study on nutrition and health status in an ageing population in Giessen (GISELA), Germany, in 2002. Nutrient intake from food was assessed by means of a 3-day estimated dietary record. Supplement use was recorded over a period of 3 days using a self-administered questionnaire. RESULTS: Nearly half of the study population consumed at least 1 supplement within these 3 days. The use of supplements was more prevalent among women than among men (51.5 vs. 33.9%). On average women consumed 2.03+/-1.30 products and men 1.65+/-1.07 products. Magnesium, vitamin C and vitamin E were supplemented most often by men, while women supplemented magnesium, vitamin E and calcium most often. Most of the supplemented nutrients did not distinctly increase the average intake of the respective nutrients from the diet in this population. However, supplement use markedly decreased the proportions of elderly subjects with an intake below the current reference values for certain nutrients, particularly for vitamin E. CONCLUSION: Results indicate that the intake of supplements is a common behavior in the population under investigation and therefore has to be considered when nutrient intake is evaluated. SN - 0250-6807 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16407640/Intake_of_vitamin_and_mineral_supplements_in_an_elderly_german_population_ L2 - https://www.karger.com?DOI=10.1159/000090728 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -