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Characterization of sequences and mechanisms through which ISE/ISS-3 regulates FGFR2 splicing.
Nucleic Acids Res. 2006; 34(1):373-85.NA

Abstract

Alternative splicing of fibroblast growth factor receptor-2 (FGFR2) mutually exclusive exons IIIb and IIIc results in highly cell-type-specific expression of functionally distinct receptors, FGFR2-IIIb and FGFR2-IIIc. We previously identified an RNA cis-element, ISE/ISS-3, that enhanced exon IIIb splicing and silenced exon IIIc splicing. Here, we have performed comprehensive mutational analysis to define critical sequence motifs within this element that independently either enhance splicing of upstream exons or repress splicing of downstream exons. Such analysis included use of a novel fluorescence-based splicing reporter assay that allowed quantitative determination of relative functional activity of ISE/ISS-3 mutants using flow cytometric analysis of live cells. We determined that specific sequences within this element that mediate splicing enhancement also mediate splicing repression, depending on their position relative to a regulated exon. Thus, factors that bind the element are likely to be coordinately involved in mediating both aspects of splicing regulation. Exon IIIc silencing is dependent upon a suboptimal branchpoint sequence containing a guanine branchpoint nucleotide. Previous studies of exon IIIc splicing in HeLa nuclear extracts demonstrated that this guanine branchsite primarily impaired the second step of splicing suggesting that ISE/ISS-3 may block exon IIIc inclusion at this step. However, results presented here that include use of newly developed in vitro splicing assays of FGFR2 using extracts from a cell line expressing FGFR2-IIIb strongly suggest that cell-type-specific silencing of exon IIIc occurs at or prior to the first step of splicing.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 700 Clinical Research Building, 415 Curie Blvd., Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16410617

Citation

Hovhannisyan, Ruben H., et al. "Characterization of Sequences and Mechanisms Through Which ISE/ISS-3 Regulates FGFR2 Splicing." Nucleic Acids Research, vol. 34, no. 1, 2006, pp. 373-85.
Hovhannisyan RH, Warzecha CC, Carstens RP. Characterization of sequences and mechanisms through which ISE/ISS-3 regulates FGFR2 splicing. Nucleic Acids Res. 2006;34(1):373-85.
Hovhannisyan, R. H., Warzecha, C. C., & Carstens, R. P. (2006). Characterization of sequences and mechanisms through which ISE/ISS-3 regulates FGFR2 splicing. Nucleic Acids Research, 34(1), 373-85.
Hovhannisyan RH, Warzecha CC, Carstens RP. Characterization of Sequences and Mechanisms Through Which ISE/ISS-3 Regulates FGFR2 Splicing. Nucleic Acids Res. 2006;34(1):373-85. PubMed PMID: 16410617.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Characterization of sequences and mechanisms through which ISE/ISS-3 regulates FGFR2 splicing. AU - Hovhannisyan,Ruben H, AU - Warzecha,Claude C, AU - Carstens,Russ P, Y1 - 2006/01/12/ PY - 2006/1/18/pubmed PY - 2006/2/1/medline PY - 2006/1/18/entrez SP - 373 EP - 85 JF - Nucleic acids research JO - Nucleic Acids Res VL - 34 IS - 1 N2 - Alternative splicing of fibroblast growth factor receptor-2 (FGFR2) mutually exclusive exons IIIb and IIIc results in highly cell-type-specific expression of functionally distinct receptors, FGFR2-IIIb and FGFR2-IIIc. We previously identified an RNA cis-element, ISE/ISS-3, that enhanced exon IIIb splicing and silenced exon IIIc splicing. Here, we have performed comprehensive mutational analysis to define critical sequence motifs within this element that independently either enhance splicing of upstream exons or repress splicing of downstream exons. Such analysis included use of a novel fluorescence-based splicing reporter assay that allowed quantitative determination of relative functional activity of ISE/ISS-3 mutants using flow cytometric analysis of live cells. We determined that specific sequences within this element that mediate splicing enhancement also mediate splicing repression, depending on their position relative to a regulated exon. Thus, factors that bind the element are likely to be coordinately involved in mediating both aspects of splicing regulation. Exon IIIc silencing is dependent upon a suboptimal branchpoint sequence containing a guanine branchpoint nucleotide. Previous studies of exon IIIc splicing in HeLa nuclear extracts demonstrated that this guanine branchsite primarily impaired the second step of splicing suggesting that ISE/ISS-3 may block exon IIIc inclusion at this step. However, results presented here that include use of newly developed in vitro splicing assays of FGFR2 using extracts from a cell line expressing FGFR2-IIIb strongly suggest that cell-type-specific silencing of exon IIIc occurs at or prior to the first step of splicing. SN - 1362-4962 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16410617/Characterization_of_sequences_and_mechanisms_through_which_ISE/ISS_3_regulates_FGFR2_splicing_ L2 - https://academic.oup.com/nar/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/nar/gkj407 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -