Study on the antiinflammatory activity of methanol extract from seagrass Zostera japonica.J Agric Food Chem. 2006 Jan 25; 54(2):306-11.JA
Methanolic extracts from the seagrass Zostera japonica were extracted successively using n-hexane (n-C(6)H(14)), dichloromethane (CH(2)Cl(2)), ethyl acetate (EtOAc), and water to give the n-C(6)H(14) (16.8%), CH(2)Cl(2) (40.6%), EtOAc (34.1%), and H(2)O (8.5%) soluble fractions, respectively. We have demonstrated that the hexane fraction has the highest capacity to inhibit proIL-1beta expression as compared to other fractions in lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-stimulated J774A.1 murine macrophages. Further analysis of the composition and antiinflammatory activity of the subfraction H5 from hexane fraction showed that it had the best antiinflammatory capacity and that it's major constituents were fatty acids, including palmitic acid methyl ester (21.5%), palmitic acid (24.02%), linoleic acid methyl ester (13.09%), oleic acid methyl ester (8.41%), and linoleic acid (7.93%), respectively. H5 inhibited LPS-induced TNFalpha, IL-1beta, and IL-6 in a dose-dependent manner, suggesting that H5 is bioactive in antiinflammation in vitro. This study is the first to report the antiinflammatory activity of extracts obtained from the seagrass Z. japonica.