Highly enantioselective direct reductive coupling of conjugated alkynes and alpha-ketoesters via rhodium-catalyzed asymmetric hydrogenation.J Am Chem Soc. 2006 Jan 25; 128(3):718-9.JA
Catalytic hydrogenation of 1,3-enynes 1a-7a in the presence of ethyl pyruvate and related activated ketones using chirally modified cationic rhodium catalysts results in reductive coupling to afford dienylated alpha-hydroxy esters 1b-7b and 3c-3f with exceptional levels of regio- and enantiocontrol. These studies represent the first highly enantioselective direct catalytic reductive couplings of alkynes to ketones. As illustrated by the conversion of 6b to 6c-6h, the diene containing the side chain of the coupling products is subject to diverse chemo- and regioselective manipulation. Reductive coupling of enyne 6a and ethyl pyruvate using elemental deuterium provides the monodeuterated product deuterio-6b, consistent with a catalytic mechanism involving alkyne-carbonyl oxidative coupling followed by hydrogenolytic cleavage of the resulting oxametallacycle, as corroborated by ESI-MS analysis.