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Bonding effectiveness of adhesive luting agents to enamel and dentin.
Dent Mater. 2007 Jan; 23(1):71-80.DM

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

The bonding effectiveness of five adhesive luting agents to enamel and dentin using different application procedures was determined using a micro-tensile bond strength protocol (microTBS).

METHODS

Enamel/dentin surfaces of human third molars were flattened using a high-speed diamond bur. Composite resin blocks (Paradigm, 3M ESPE) were luted using either Linkmax (LM; GC), Nexus 2 (NX; Kerr), Panavia F (PN; Kuraray), RelyX Unicem (UN; 3M ESPE) or Variolink II (VL; Ivoclar-Vivadent), strictly following manufacturers' instructions. For some luting agents, modified application procedures were also tested, resulting in four other experimental groups: Prompt L-Pop+RelyX Unicem (PLP+UN; 3M ESPE), Scotchbond Etchant+RelyX Unicem (SE+UN; 3M ESPE), Optibond Solo Plus Activator+Nexus 2 (ACT+NX; Kerr) and K-Etchant gel+Panavia-F (KE+P; Kuraray). The experimental groups were classified according to the adhesive approach in self-adhesive (UN), etch-and-rinse (ACT+NX, NX, KE+P, SE+UN and VL when bonded to enamel) and self-etch adhesive luting agents (LM, PLP+UN, PN and VL when bonded to dentin). The specimens were stored for 24h in distilled water at 37 degrees C prior to microTBS testing. The Kruskal-Wallis test was used to determine pairwise statistical differences (p<0.05) in microTBS between the experimental groups.

RESULTS

When bonded to enamel, ACT+NX (15 MPa) and UN (19.6 MPa) scored significantly lower than VL (49.3 MPa), LM (49.2 MPa), PN (35.4 MPa) and SE+UN (35.2 MPa), while PLP+UN (23.5 MPa) showed a significantly lower microTBS than VL (49.3 MPa) and LM (49.2 MPa). No significant differences were noticed between VL (49.3 MPa), LM (49.2 MPa), NX (37.9 MPa), KE+PN (38.8 MPa), PN (35.4 MPa) and SE+UN (35.2 MPa). Regarding the bonding effectiveness to dentin, all luting agents bonded equally effectively (UN: 15.9 MPa; LM: 15.4 MPa; PN: 17.5 MPa; NX: 22.3 MPa), except VL (1.1 MPa), SE+UN (5.9 MPa) and ACT+NX (13.2 MPa). VL revealed an exceptionally high number of pre-testing failures, most likely due to a combined effect of not having cured the adhesive separately and an insufficiently light-cured luting agent.

SIGNIFICANCE

Following a correct application procedure, the etch-and-rinse, self-etch and self-adhesive luting agents are equally effective in bonding to enamel and dentin. Several factors negatively influenced bond strength such as bonding RelyX Unicem to enamel without prior phosphoric acid etching; no separate light-curing of a light-polymerizable adhesive prior to cementation, use of a light-polymerizing adhesive converted into a dual-polymerizing adhesive, and use of a dual-cure luting agent with a low auto-polymerizable potential.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Leuven BIOMAT Research Cluster, Department of Conservative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Oral Pathology and Maxillo-Facial Surgery, Catholic University of Leuven, Kapucijnenvoer 7, 3000 Leuven, Belgium.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16426673

Citation

Hikita, K, et al. "Bonding Effectiveness of Adhesive Luting Agents to Enamel and Dentin." Dental Materials : Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials, vol. 23, no. 1, 2007, pp. 71-80.
Hikita K, Van Meerbeek B, De Munck J, et al. Bonding effectiveness of adhesive luting agents to enamel and dentin. Dent Mater. 2007;23(1):71-80.
Hikita, K., Van Meerbeek, B., De Munck, J., Ikeda, T., Van Landuyt, K., Maida, T., Lambrechts, P., & Peumans, M. (2007). Bonding effectiveness of adhesive luting agents to enamel and dentin. Dental Materials : Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials, 23(1), 71-80.
Hikita K, et al. Bonding Effectiveness of Adhesive Luting Agents to Enamel and Dentin. Dent Mater. 2007;23(1):71-80. PubMed PMID: 16426673.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Bonding effectiveness of adhesive luting agents to enamel and dentin. AU - Hikita,K, AU - Van Meerbeek,B, AU - De Munck,J, AU - Ikeda,T, AU - Van Landuyt,K, AU - Maida,T, AU - Lambrechts,P, AU - Peumans,M, Y1 - 2006/01/19/ PY - 2005/07/18/received PY - 2005/12/01/revised PY - 2005/12/01/accepted PY - 2006/1/24/pubmed PY - 2007/5/10/medline PY - 2006/1/24/entrez SP - 71 EP - 80 JF - Dental materials : official publication of the Academy of Dental Materials JO - Dent Mater VL - 23 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVES: The bonding effectiveness of five adhesive luting agents to enamel and dentin using different application procedures was determined using a micro-tensile bond strength protocol (microTBS). METHODS: Enamel/dentin surfaces of human third molars were flattened using a high-speed diamond bur. Composite resin blocks (Paradigm, 3M ESPE) were luted using either Linkmax (LM; GC), Nexus 2 (NX; Kerr), Panavia F (PN; Kuraray), RelyX Unicem (UN; 3M ESPE) or Variolink II (VL; Ivoclar-Vivadent), strictly following manufacturers' instructions. For some luting agents, modified application procedures were also tested, resulting in four other experimental groups: Prompt L-Pop+RelyX Unicem (PLP+UN; 3M ESPE), Scotchbond Etchant+RelyX Unicem (SE+UN; 3M ESPE), Optibond Solo Plus Activator+Nexus 2 (ACT+NX; Kerr) and K-Etchant gel+Panavia-F (KE+P; Kuraray). The experimental groups were classified according to the adhesive approach in self-adhesive (UN), etch-and-rinse (ACT+NX, NX, KE+P, SE+UN and VL when bonded to enamel) and self-etch adhesive luting agents (LM, PLP+UN, PN and VL when bonded to dentin). The specimens were stored for 24h in distilled water at 37 degrees C prior to microTBS testing. The Kruskal-Wallis test was used to determine pairwise statistical differences (p<0.05) in microTBS between the experimental groups. RESULTS: When bonded to enamel, ACT+NX (15 MPa) and UN (19.6 MPa) scored significantly lower than VL (49.3 MPa), LM (49.2 MPa), PN (35.4 MPa) and SE+UN (35.2 MPa), while PLP+UN (23.5 MPa) showed a significantly lower microTBS than VL (49.3 MPa) and LM (49.2 MPa). No significant differences were noticed between VL (49.3 MPa), LM (49.2 MPa), NX (37.9 MPa), KE+PN (38.8 MPa), PN (35.4 MPa) and SE+UN (35.2 MPa). Regarding the bonding effectiveness to dentin, all luting agents bonded equally effectively (UN: 15.9 MPa; LM: 15.4 MPa; PN: 17.5 MPa; NX: 22.3 MPa), except VL (1.1 MPa), SE+UN (5.9 MPa) and ACT+NX (13.2 MPa). VL revealed an exceptionally high number of pre-testing failures, most likely due to a combined effect of not having cured the adhesive separately and an insufficiently light-cured luting agent. SIGNIFICANCE: Following a correct application procedure, the etch-and-rinse, self-etch and self-adhesive luting agents are equally effective in bonding to enamel and dentin. Several factors negatively influenced bond strength such as bonding RelyX Unicem to enamel without prior phosphoric acid etching; no separate light-curing of a light-polymerizable adhesive prior to cementation, use of a light-polymerizing adhesive converted into a dual-polymerizing adhesive, and use of a dual-cure luting agent with a low auto-polymerizable potential. SN - 0109-5641 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16426673/Bonding_effectiveness_of_adhesive_luting_agents_to_enamel_and_dentin_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0109-5641(05)00361-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -