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Video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy: experience with 1,100 cases.
Ann Thorac Surg. 2006 Feb; 81(2):421-5; discussion 425-6.AT

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Although many video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomies have been performed over the 12 years since the first VATS lobectomy, controversies about the procedure remain regarding the safety and associated morbidity and mortality of that procedure. This series is reviewed to assess these issues.

METHODS

Between 1992 and 2004, we performed 1,100 VATS lobectomies in 595 women (54.1%) and 505 men (45.9%), with a mean age of 71.2 years. Diagnoses were as follows: benign disease (53), pulmonary metastases (27), lymphoma (5), and lung cancer (1,015). Of the primary lung cancers, 641 (63.1%) were adenocarcinoma. With visualization on a monitor, anatomic hilar dissection and lymph node sampling or dissection were performed, primarily through a 5-cm incision without spreading the ribs.

RESULTS

There were 9 deaths (0.8%), and none was intraoperative or due to bleeding; 932 patients had no postoperative complications (84.7%). Blood transfusion was required in 45 of 1,100 patients (4.1%). Length of stay was median 3 days (mean, 4.78). One hundred eighty patients (20%) were discharged on postoperative day 1 or 2. Conversion to a thoracotomy occurred in 28 patients (2.5%). Recurrence developed in the incisions in 5 patients (0.57%). In 2003, 89% of 224 lobectomies were performed with VATS.

CONCLUSIONS

VATS lobectomy with anatomic dissection can be performed with low morbidity and mortality rates. The risk of intraoperative bleeding or recurrence in an incision seems minimal.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California, USA. mckennar@cshs.orgNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16427825

Citation

McKenna, Robert J., et al. "Video-assisted Thoracic Surgery Lobectomy: Experience With 1,100 Cases." The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, vol. 81, no. 2, 2006, pp. 421-5; discussion 425-6.
McKenna RJ, Houck W, Fuller CB. Video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy: experience with 1,100 cases. Ann Thorac Surg. 2006;81(2):421-5; discussion 425-6.
McKenna, R. J., Houck, W., & Fuller, C. B. (2006). Video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy: experience with 1,100 cases. The Annals of Thoracic Surgery, 81(2), 421-5; discussion 425-6.
McKenna RJ, Houck W, Fuller CB. Video-assisted Thoracic Surgery Lobectomy: Experience With 1,100 Cases. Ann Thorac Surg. 2006;81(2):421-5; discussion 425-6. PubMed PMID: 16427825.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy: experience with 1,100 cases. AU - McKenna,Robert J,Jr AU - Houck,Ward, AU - Fuller,Clark Beeman, PY - 2005/01/24/received PY - 2005/07/20/revised PY - 2005/07/25/accepted PY - 2006/1/24/pubmed PY - 2006/8/23/medline PY - 2006/1/24/entrez SP - 421-5; discussion 425-6 JF - The Annals of thoracic surgery JO - Ann. Thorac. Surg. VL - 81 IS - 2 N2 - BACKGROUND: Although many video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) lobectomies have been performed over the 12 years since the first VATS lobectomy, controversies about the procedure remain regarding the safety and associated morbidity and mortality of that procedure. This series is reviewed to assess these issues. METHODS: Between 1992 and 2004, we performed 1,100 VATS lobectomies in 595 women (54.1%) and 505 men (45.9%), with a mean age of 71.2 years. Diagnoses were as follows: benign disease (53), pulmonary metastases (27), lymphoma (5), and lung cancer (1,015). Of the primary lung cancers, 641 (63.1%) were adenocarcinoma. With visualization on a monitor, anatomic hilar dissection and lymph node sampling or dissection were performed, primarily through a 5-cm incision without spreading the ribs. RESULTS: There were 9 deaths (0.8%), and none was intraoperative or due to bleeding; 932 patients had no postoperative complications (84.7%). Blood transfusion was required in 45 of 1,100 patients (4.1%). Length of stay was median 3 days (mean, 4.78). One hundred eighty patients (20%) were discharged on postoperative day 1 or 2. Conversion to a thoracotomy occurred in 28 patients (2.5%). Recurrence developed in the incisions in 5 patients (0.57%). In 2003, 89% of 224 lobectomies were performed with VATS. CONCLUSIONS: VATS lobectomy with anatomic dissection can be performed with low morbidity and mortality rates. The risk of intraoperative bleeding or recurrence in an incision seems minimal. SN - 1552-6259 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16427825/Video_assisted_thoracic_surgery_lobectomy:_experience_with_1100_cases_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0003-4975(05)01358-5 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -