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Waist circumference and BMI are independently associated with the variation of cardio-respiratory and neuromuscular fitness in young adult men.
Int J Obes (Lond). 2006 Jun; 30(6):962-9.IJ

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To test two hypotheses: (1) cardiorespiratory (CRF) and neuromuscular (NMF) fitness is associated with body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC), independent of each other and of leisure-time physical activity; (2) individuals with high CRF and NMF have lower WC for a given BMI, compared with those with low CRF and NMF.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional study.

SETTING

Men participating in refresher training organized by the Finnish Defence Forces.

PARTICIPANTS

A total of 951 men (mean age 29.1, s.d. 4.2 years; BMI 25.3 kg/m(2), s.d. 3.8; WC 91, s.d. 11 cm).

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Body mass index, WC, maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2)max), height of vertical jump, number of push-ups and sit-ups during a 1-min test, static back extension endurance, isometric grip strength, self-reported leisure-time vigorous physical activity. Multiple linear regressions were used to explain the variation in fitness.

RESULTS

Waist circumference had significant (P<0.001) negative association with all test results (standardized beta coefficients from -0.23 to -0.77), except for grip strength. Body mass index had significant negative association with VO(2)max (-0.12; P<0.05), but positive association (P<0.01) with grip strength (0.28), vertical jump (0.21) and push-ups (0.55). For a given BMI, the estimated WC was highest among those with the poorest results for VO(2)max, vertical jump, sit-ups and push-ups.

CONCLUSIONS

Despite stronger isometric grip strength, the functional muscle fitness of the upper body, trunk and lower extremities is impaired in individuals with abdominal obesity. Although the known loss of CRF is a serious consequence of obesity, the deterioration of NMF deserves increased attention.

Authors+Show Affiliations

The UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research, Tampere, Finland. mikael.fogelholm@uta.fiNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16432537

Citation

Fogelholm, M, et al. "Waist Circumference and BMI Are Independently Associated With the Variation of Cardio-respiratory and Neuromuscular Fitness in Young Adult Men." International Journal of Obesity (2005), vol. 30, no. 6, 2006, pp. 962-9.
Fogelholm M, Malmberg J, Suni J, et al. Waist circumference and BMI are independently associated with the variation of cardio-respiratory and neuromuscular fitness in young adult men. Int J Obes (Lond). 2006;30(6):962-9.
Fogelholm, M., Malmberg, J., Suni, J., Santtila, M., Kyröläinen, H., & Mäntysaari, M. (2006). Waist circumference and BMI are independently associated with the variation of cardio-respiratory and neuromuscular fitness in young adult men. International Journal of Obesity (2005), 30(6), 962-9.
Fogelholm M, et al. Waist Circumference and BMI Are Independently Associated With the Variation of Cardio-respiratory and Neuromuscular Fitness in Young Adult Men. Int J Obes (Lond). 2006;30(6):962-9. PubMed PMID: 16432537.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Waist circumference and BMI are independently associated with the variation of cardio-respiratory and neuromuscular fitness in young adult men. AU - Fogelholm,M, AU - Malmberg,J, AU - Suni,J, AU - Santtila,M, AU - Kyröläinen,H, AU - Mäntysaari,M, PY - 2006/1/25/pubmed PY - 2007/1/16/medline PY - 2006/1/25/entrez SP - 962 EP - 9 JF - International journal of obesity (2005) JO - Int J Obes (Lond) VL - 30 IS - 6 N2 - OBJECTIVE: To test two hypotheses: (1) cardiorespiratory (CRF) and neuromuscular (NMF) fitness is associated with body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC), independent of each other and of leisure-time physical activity; (2) individuals with high CRF and NMF have lower WC for a given BMI, compared with those with low CRF and NMF. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Men participating in refresher training organized by the Finnish Defence Forces. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 951 men (mean age 29.1, s.d. 4.2 years; BMI 25.3 kg/m(2), s.d. 3.8; WC 91, s.d. 11 cm). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Body mass index, WC, maximal oxygen uptake (VO(2)max), height of vertical jump, number of push-ups and sit-ups during a 1-min test, static back extension endurance, isometric grip strength, self-reported leisure-time vigorous physical activity. Multiple linear regressions were used to explain the variation in fitness. RESULTS: Waist circumference had significant (P<0.001) negative association with all test results (standardized beta coefficients from -0.23 to -0.77), except for grip strength. Body mass index had significant negative association with VO(2)max (-0.12; P<0.05), but positive association (P<0.01) with grip strength (0.28), vertical jump (0.21) and push-ups (0.55). For a given BMI, the estimated WC was highest among those with the poorest results for VO(2)max, vertical jump, sit-ups and push-ups. CONCLUSIONS: Despite stronger isometric grip strength, the functional muscle fitness of the upper body, trunk and lower extremities is impaired in individuals with abdominal obesity. Although the known loss of CRF is a serious consequence of obesity, the deterioration of NMF deserves increased attention. SN - 0307-0565 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16432537/Waist_circumference_and_BMI_are_independently_associated_with_the_variation_of_cardio_respiratory_and_neuromuscular_fitness_in_young_adult_men_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ijo.0803243 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -