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Occurrence of perfluoroalkyl surfactants in water, fish, and birds from New York State.
Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 2006 Apr; 50(3):398-410.AE

Abstract

Concentrations of perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) and several other perfluoroalkyl surfactants (PASs) were determined in nine major water bodies (n = 51) of New York State (NYS). These PASs were also measured in the livers of two species of sport fish (n = 66) from 20 inland lakes in NYS. Finally, perfluorinated compounds were measured in the livers of 10 species of waterfowl (n = 87) from the Niagara River region in NYS. PFOS, perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), and perfluorohexanesulfonate (PFHS) were ubiquitous in NYS waters. PFOA was typically found at higher concentrations than were PFOS and PFHS. Elevated concentrations of PFOS were found in surface waters of Lake Onondaga, and elevated concentrations of PFOA were found in the Hudson River. PFOS was the most abundant perfluorinated compound in all fish and bird samples. PFOS concentrations in the livers of fishes ranged from 9 to 315 ng/g wet weight. PFOS, PFOA, and PFOSA (perfluorooctanesulfonamide) concentrations in smallmouth and largemouth bass (taken together) caught in remote mountain lakes with no known point sources of PAS contamination were 14 to 207, < 1.5 to 6.1, and < 1.5 to 9.8 ng/g wet weight, respectively. PFOS concentrations in the livers of birds ranged from 11 to 882 ng/g wet weight. PFOS concentrations were 2.5-fold greater (p = 0.001) in piscivorous birds than in non-piscivorous birds. However, PFOA, PFOSA, and PFHS were not found in bird livers. Overall, average concentrations of PFOS in fish were 8850-fold greater than those in surface water. An average biomagnification factor of 8.9 was estimated for PFOS in common merganser relative to that in fish. This study highlights the significance of dietary fish in PFOS accumulation in the food chain. Furthermore, our results provide information on the distribution of PASs in natural waters, fish, and several bird species in NYS.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, State University of New York at Albany, Albany, New York, 12201-0509, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16435086

Citation

Sinclair, Ewan, et al. "Occurrence of Perfluoroalkyl Surfactants in Water, Fish, and Birds From New York State." Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol. 50, no. 3, 2006, pp. 398-410.
Sinclair E, Mayack DT, Roblee K, et al. Occurrence of perfluoroalkyl surfactants in water, fish, and birds from New York State. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 2006;50(3):398-410.
Sinclair, E., Mayack, D. T., Roblee, K., Yamashita, N., & Kannan, K. (2006). Occurrence of perfluoroalkyl surfactants in water, fish, and birds from New York State. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 50(3), 398-410.
Sinclair E, et al. Occurrence of Perfluoroalkyl Surfactants in Water, Fish, and Birds From New York State. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 2006;50(3):398-410. PubMed PMID: 16435086.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Occurrence of perfluoroalkyl surfactants in water, fish, and birds from New York State. AU - Sinclair,Ewan, AU - Mayack,David T, AU - Roblee,Kenneth, AU - Yamashita,Nobuyoshi, AU - Kannan,Kurunthachalam, Y1 - 2006/01/24/ PY - 2005/07/25/received PY - 2005/08/15/accepted PY - 2006/1/26/pubmed PY - 2006/4/25/medline PY - 2006/1/26/entrez SP - 398 EP - 410 JF - Archives of environmental contamination and toxicology JO - Arch Environ Contam Toxicol VL - 50 IS - 3 N2 - Concentrations of perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS) and several other perfluoroalkyl surfactants (PASs) were determined in nine major water bodies (n = 51) of New York State (NYS). These PASs were also measured in the livers of two species of sport fish (n = 66) from 20 inland lakes in NYS. Finally, perfluorinated compounds were measured in the livers of 10 species of waterfowl (n = 87) from the Niagara River region in NYS. PFOS, perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), and perfluorohexanesulfonate (PFHS) were ubiquitous in NYS waters. PFOA was typically found at higher concentrations than were PFOS and PFHS. Elevated concentrations of PFOS were found in surface waters of Lake Onondaga, and elevated concentrations of PFOA were found in the Hudson River. PFOS was the most abundant perfluorinated compound in all fish and bird samples. PFOS concentrations in the livers of fishes ranged from 9 to 315 ng/g wet weight. PFOS, PFOA, and PFOSA (perfluorooctanesulfonamide) concentrations in smallmouth and largemouth bass (taken together) caught in remote mountain lakes with no known point sources of PAS contamination were 14 to 207, < 1.5 to 6.1, and < 1.5 to 9.8 ng/g wet weight, respectively. PFOS concentrations in the livers of birds ranged from 11 to 882 ng/g wet weight. PFOS concentrations were 2.5-fold greater (p = 0.001) in piscivorous birds than in non-piscivorous birds. However, PFOA, PFOSA, and PFHS were not found in bird livers. Overall, average concentrations of PFOS in fish were 8850-fold greater than those in surface water. An average biomagnification factor of 8.9 was estimated for PFOS in common merganser relative to that in fish. This study highlights the significance of dietary fish in PFOS accumulation in the food chain. Furthermore, our results provide information on the distribution of PASs in natural waters, fish, and several bird species in NYS. SN - 0090-4341 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16435086/Occurrence_of_perfluoroalkyl_surfactants_in_water_fish_and_birds_from_New_York_State_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -