The Relationship between molar dentoalveolar and craniofacial heights.Angle Orthod. 2005 Nov; 75(6):974-9.AO
Excessive vertical growth of the posterior dentoalveolar region has been implicated in the etiology of the so-called long-face syndrome. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that molar dentoalveolar heights are positively related to vertical craniofacial features. Cephalometric measurements obtained from 82 adult subjects were entered as independent variables in a multiple regression model. Maxillary and mandibular molar dentoalveolar heights were entered as dependent variables. Approximately 70% of the total variance was explained by anterior lower facial height (ANS-Me) and the mandibular palatal plane angle (PP-MP). Increases of ANS-Me and PP-MP had opposite effects on the amount of molar dentoalveolar heights. The lowest values of molar dentoalveolar heights were found in subjects with a small ANS-Me distance but with a wide PP-MP angle. The findings suggest that individuals with a marked divergence of the jaws may also have a reduced molar dentoalveolar vertical development.