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Parental expectations, physical punishment, and violence among adolescents who score positive on a psychosocial screening test in primary care.
Pediatrics. 2006 Feb; 117(2):441-7.Ped

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

We sought to examine the relationship between perceived and stated parental expectations regarding adolescents' use of violence, parental use of physical punishment as discipline, and young adolescents' violence-related attitudes and involvement.

METHODS

Surveys were completed by 134 youth and their parents attending 8 pediatric practices. All youth were 10 to 15 years of age and had scored positive on a psychosocial screening test.

RESULTS

Multivariate analyses revealed that perceived parental disapproval of the use of violence was associated with a more prosocial attitude toward interpersonal peer violence and a decreased likelihood of physical fighting by the youth. Parental report of whether they would advise their child to use violence in a conflict situation (stated parental expectations) was not associated with the adolescents' attitudes toward interpersonal peer violence, intentions to fight, physical fighting, bullying, or violence victimization. Parental use of corporal punishment as a disciplining method was inversely associated with a prosocial attitude toward interpersonal peer violence among the youth and positively correlated with youths' intentions to fight and fighting, bullying, and violence victimization.

CONCLUSIONS

Perceived parental disapproval of the use of violence may be an important protective factor against youth involvement in violence, and parental use of physical punishment is associated with both violence perpetration and victimization among youth. Parents should be encouraged to clearly communicate to their children how to resolve conflicts without resorting to violence and to model these skills themselves by avoiding the use of physical punishment.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Division of General Pediatrics and Adolescent Health, Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16452364

Citation

Ohene, Sally-Ann, et al. "Parental Expectations, Physical Punishment, and Violence Among Adolescents Who Score Positive On a Psychosocial Screening Test in Primary Care." Pediatrics, vol. 117, no. 2, 2006, pp. 441-7.
Ohene SA, Ireland M, McNeely C, et al. Parental expectations, physical punishment, and violence among adolescents who score positive on a psychosocial screening test in primary care. Pediatrics. 2006;117(2):441-7.
Ohene, S. A., Ireland, M., McNeely, C., & Borowsky, I. W. (2006). Parental expectations, physical punishment, and violence among adolescents who score positive on a psychosocial screening test in primary care. Pediatrics, 117(2), 441-7.
Ohene SA, et al. Parental Expectations, Physical Punishment, and Violence Among Adolescents Who Score Positive On a Psychosocial Screening Test in Primary Care. Pediatrics. 2006;117(2):441-7. PubMed PMID: 16452364.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Parental expectations, physical punishment, and violence among adolescents who score positive on a psychosocial screening test in primary care. AU - Ohene,Sally-Ann, AU - Ireland,Marjorie, AU - McNeely,Clea, AU - Borowsky,Iris Wagman, PY - 2006/2/3/pubmed PY - 2006/2/28/medline PY - 2006/2/3/entrez SP - 441 EP - 7 JF - Pediatrics JO - Pediatrics VL - 117 IS - 2 N2 - OBJECTIVE: We sought to examine the relationship between perceived and stated parental expectations regarding adolescents' use of violence, parental use of physical punishment as discipline, and young adolescents' violence-related attitudes and involvement. METHODS: Surveys were completed by 134 youth and their parents attending 8 pediatric practices. All youth were 10 to 15 years of age and had scored positive on a psychosocial screening test. RESULTS: Multivariate analyses revealed that perceived parental disapproval of the use of violence was associated with a more prosocial attitude toward interpersonal peer violence and a decreased likelihood of physical fighting by the youth. Parental report of whether they would advise their child to use violence in a conflict situation (stated parental expectations) was not associated with the adolescents' attitudes toward interpersonal peer violence, intentions to fight, physical fighting, bullying, or violence victimization. Parental use of corporal punishment as a disciplining method was inversely associated with a prosocial attitude toward interpersonal peer violence among the youth and positively correlated with youths' intentions to fight and fighting, bullying, and violence victimization. CONCLUSIONS: Perceived parental disapproval of the use of violence may be an important protective factor against youth involvement in violence, and parental use of physical punishment is associated with both violence perpetration and victimization among youth. Parents should be encouraged to clearly communicate to their children how to resolve conflicts without resorting to violence and to model these skills themselves by avoiding the use of physical punishment. SN - 1098-4275 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16452364/Parental_expectations_physical_punishment_and_violence_among_adolescents_who_score_positive_on_a_psychosocial_screening_test_in_primary_care_ L2 - http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=16452364 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -