Macrophage colony-stimulating factor treatment after myocardial infarction attenuates left ventricular dysfunction by accelerating infarct repair.J Am Coll Cardiol. 2006 Feb 07; 47(3):626-34.JACC
We aimed to determine the effects of macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) treatment on both the repair process and ventricular function after myocardial infarction (MI).
The M-CSF and G-CSF have multiple potential effects on cells involved in wound repair.
Myocardial infarction was induced by 45- or 90-min coronary occlusion and reperfusion in rats with or without subsequent injection of M-CSF (10(6) IU/kg/day) or G-CSF (50 microg/kg/day) for five days. We examined histology and messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA), and assessed left ventricular function in situ using a conductance catheter.
Five days after MI, M-CSF increased the number of ED-1-positive cells, mRNA levels of transforming growth factor-beta-1, collagen I and III, and collagen fibers within the infarct. Fourteen days after MI, induced by 45-min ischemia, left ventricular end-systolic elastance (Ees) was reduced (1,191 +/- 87 mm Hg/ml vs. 1,812 +/- 150 mm Hg/ml) and both isovolumic relaxation time constant (tau) (11.9 +/- 0.9 ms vs. 8.5 +/- 0.4 ms) and left ventricular end-diastolic volume (LVEDV) (0.225 +/- 0.014 ml vs. 0.172 +/- 0.011 ml) increased versus sham-operated rats. These alterations after MI were attenuated by M-CSF (Ees = 1,650 +/- 146, tau = 9.7 +/- 0.7, LVEDV = 0.199 +/- 0.012) but not by G-CSF. This beneficial effect of M-CSF on Ees was also detected in hearts with MI induced by 90-min ischemia. Furthermore, M-CSF increased collagen content within infarcts and reduced the proportion of thin collagen fibers 14 days after MI. The Ees significantly correlated with infarct collagen content. Nevertheless, neither M-CSF nor G-CSF modified infarct size.
The M-CSF treatment attenuates deterioration of left ventricular function after MI by accelerating infarct repair.