Cancer progression after anterograde radical prostatectomy for pathologic Gleason score 8 to 10 and influence of concomitant variables.Urology. 2006 Feb; 67(2):373-8.U
To evaluate the outcome in patients with clinically localized prostate cancer and pathologic Gleason score 8 to 10 disease treated by anterograde radical prostatectomy, either alone for node-negative disease or with early hormonal therapy for node-positive disease, and to characterize the prognostic significance of other pathologic variables.
A total of 729 patients underwent radical prostatectomy for clinically localized prostate cancer between 1989 and 2003. We identified 116 patients (15.9%) with specimen Gleason score 8 or greater. The mean follow-up was 48 months (range 6 to 145).
The 5-year biochemical-free survival rate for those with pT2, pT3a, and pT3b diseases was 100%, 65.1%, and 10.5%, respectively (P < or =0.05). The 5-year biochemical-free survival rate for those with specimen Gleason score 8 and 9 was 72.1% and 38.2%, respectively (P < or =0.05). The incidence of positive surgical margins was 14.6% and led to a high pT3a specimen-confined detection rate. The preoperative prostate-specific antigen level, primary Gleason pattern, and surgical margin status had no statistically significant impact on biochemical recurrence-free survival. The multivariate Cox model showed seminal vesicle invasion to be the only independent prognostic factor. The 3 and 5-year progression-free survival rate of the 45 node-positive patients was 72.6% and 60.5%, respectively.
Our findings emphasize the need for early diagnosis, which can make this disease curable by radical prostatectomy alone, and show that poorly differentiated prostate cancer that has invaded the capsule can be cured by surgery. Biochemical recurrence represented a common event in pT3b and Gleason score 9 disease, suggesting a possible role for early adjuvant treatment.