Tags

Type your tag names separated by a space and hit enter

Pollutant effects on Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg), hemocytes: screening of 23 molecules using flow cytometry.
Cell Biol Toxicol. 2006 Jan; 22(1):1-14.CB

Abstract

The shellfish industry is an important economic activity in France, occurring mostly in estuarine zones subject to pollution due to anthropogenic activities. The harmful effects of pollutants on species inhabiting these estuarine zones are not well known. Among marine species, bivalve mollusks--particularly Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas--may serve a model of interest. The species is sedentary and filter-feeding, which favors bioaccumulation of pollutants in their tissues. Oysters may be suitable for studies on disturbance by pollutants of physiological activities, among which defense mechanisms are poorly documented in bivalves. In this study, effects of pollutants on hemocyte functions were monitored in Pacific oyster, C. gigas. Hemocytes were exposed in vitro to selected pollutants. The strategy for investigating the effects of pollutants on hemocyte functions is based on several biomarkers, which is more relevant than that of published papers based on single-endpoint experiments. Pollutants belonging to the most important groups of xenobiotics (PAHs, PCBs, and pesticides) were selected and their effect on hemocyte activities was analyzed using flow cytometry. Twenty-three pollutants were tested and eight of them showed significant modulation of hemocyte activities. PAHs and PCB 77 induced a decrease of hemocyte activity after an incubation periods of 4 and 24 h at 200 micro mol/L. Three pesticides (2,4D, paraoxon, and chlorothalonil) modulated hemocyte activities. A mixture of eight pesticides also decreased phagocytotic activity. This study is one of the first to investigate the effects of so many pollutants on hemocyte functions at the same time and therefore allows a real comparison of different pollutant effects.

Authors+Show Affiliations

IFREMER La Tremblade, Laboratoire de Génétique et Pathologie (LGP), La Tremblade, France.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16463015

Citation

Gagnaire, B, et al. "Pollutant Effects On Pacific Oyster, Crassostrea Gigas (Thunberg), Hemocytes: Screening of 23 Molecules Using Flow Cytometry." Cell Biology and Toxicology, vol. 22, no. 1, 2006, pp. 1-14.
Gagnaire B, Thomas-Guyon H, Burgeot T, et al. Pollutant effects on Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg), hemocytes: screening of 23 molecules using flow cytometry. Cell Biol Toxicol. 2006;22(1):1-14.
Gagnaire, B., Thomas-Guyon, H., Burgeot, T., & Renault, T. (2006). Pollutant effects on Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg), hemocytes: screening of 23 molecules using flow cytometry. Cell Biology and Toxicology, 22(1), 1-14.
Gagnaire B, et al. Pollutant Effects On Pacific Oyster, Crassostrea Gigas (Thunberg), Hemocytes: Screening of 23 Molecules Using Flow Cytometry. Cell Biol Toxicol. 2006;22(1):1-14. PubMed PMID: 16463015.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Pollutant effects on Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas (Thunberg), hemocytes: screening of 23 molecules using flow cytometry. AU - Gagnaire,B, AU - Thomas-Guyon,H, AU - Burgeot,Th, AU - Renault,T, PY - 2005/05/25/received PY - 2005/08/22/accepted PY - 2006/2/8/pubmed PY - 2007/3/17/medline PY - 2006/2/8/entrez SP - 1 EP - 14 JF - Cell biology and toxicology JO - Cell Biol Toxicol VL - 22 IS - 1 N2 - The shellfish industry is an important economic activity in France, occurring mostly in estuarine zones subject to pollution due to anthropogenic activities. The harmful effects of pollutants on species inhabiting these estuarine zones are not well known. Among marine species, bivalve mollusks--particularly Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas--may serve a model of interest. The species is sedentary and filter-feeding, which favors bioaccumulation of pollutants in their tissues. Oysters may be suitable for studies on disturbance by pollutants of physiological activities, among which defense mechanisms are poorly documented in bivalves. In this study, effects of pollutants on hemocyte functions were monitored in Pacific oyster, C. gigas. Hemocytes were exposed in vitro to selected pollutants. The strategy for investigating the effects of pollutants on hemocyte functions is based on several biomarkers, which is more relevant than that of published papers based on single-endpoint experiments. Pollutants belonging to the most important groups of xenobiotics (PAHs, PCBs, and pesticides) were selected and their effect on hemocyte activities was analyzed using flow cytometry. Twenty-three pollutants were tested and eight of them showed significant modulation of hemocyte activities. PAHs and PCB 77 induced a decrease of hemocyte activity after an incubation periods of 4 and 24 h at 200 micro mol/L. Three pesticides (2,4D, paraoxon, and chlorothalonil) modulated hemocyte activities. A mixture of eight pesticides also decreased phagocytotic activity. This study is one of the first to investigate the effects of so many pollutants on hemocyte functions at the same time and therefore allows a real comparison of different pollutant effects. SN - 0742-2091 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16463015/Pollutant_effects_on_Pacific_oyster_Crassostrea_gigas__Thunberg__hemocytes:_screening_of_23_molecules_using_flow_cytometry_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -