X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic and Raman analysis of silk fibroin-Cu(II) films.Biopolymers. 2006 Jun 05; 82(2):144-51.B
There is evidence to suggest that Cu(II) is involved in the natural spinning process of a silkworm helping to convert the concentrated silk fibroin (SF) solution (or dope) into tough insoluble threads. To investigate the interaction between SF and Cu(II), a series of regenerated SF (RSF) films with different mass ratios of Cu(II) to SF were prepared. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) was employed to study the chemical interaction between Cu(II) and SF in these Cu(II)-RSF films. A significant change in the binding energy of Cu 2p(3/2) demonstrated that the chemical state of Cu(II) in the Cu(II)-RSF films was affected by the interaction between Cu(II) and SF. Moreover, chemical shifts of N 1s and O 1s of SF were also detected, implying that Cu(II) may coordinate with both N and O atoms in the SF. In addition, Raman spectra of the same series of Cu(II)-RSF films recorded the conformation transition of SF that may occur by the coordination of Cu(II) and SF macromolecular chains.