Percentage fall in FVC at the provocative concentration of methacholine causing a 20% fall in FEV1 in symptomatic asthma and clinical remission during adolescence.Chest. 2006 Feb; 129(2):272-7.Chest
Many children with asthma go into long-term clinical remission at adolescence, but bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) persists in approximately one half of these subjects. BHR is usually assessed by measuring the provocative concentration of methacholine causing a 20% fall in FEV1 (PC20). The percentage fall in FVC at the PC20 (deltaFVC) has been suggested to be a more useful index of disease severity in asthma than PC20.
The aim of this study was to determine whether deltaFVC is higher in adolescents with symptomatic asthma than in those with clinical remission.
PATIENTS AND METHODS
Forty adolescents with symptomatic asthma and 80 adolescents with asthma remission underwent methacholine challenge testing. DeltaFVC and PC20 were measured on the methacholine dose-response curve.
The mean (95% confidence interval [CI]) deltaFVC (15.5% [95% CI, 14.1 to 16.9%]) in the symptomatic group (n = 40) was significantly higher (p = 0.017) than that (12.8% [95% CI, 11.5 to 14.1%]) in the BHR-positive (PC20 < 16 mg/mL) remission group (n = 44) or that (11.5% [95% CI, 10.2 to 12.8%]) of the BHR-negative remission group (n = 36), with no difference between the two latter groups (p = 0.581). No significant correlation was found between deltaFVC and PC20 in the symptomatic group (r = -0.156, p = 0.336) or in the whole remission group (r = -0.187, p = 0.097).
Adolescents with symptomatic asthma had a higher deltaFVC than those with clinical remission, irrespective of the presence of BHR in the latter group. This finding suggests that deltaFVC may serve as an adjunct marker for differentiating between asthma persistence and remission during adolescence.