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Association of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and gestational alcohol exposure: an exploratory study.
J Atten Disord. 2006 Feb; 9(3):515-22.JA

Abstract

OBJECTIVE AND METHODS

To explore association between prevalence of ADHD and levels of risk for gestational alcohol exposure, the authors reviewed the charts of 2,231 youth referred for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Participants were categorized into four groups by different levels of risk for gestational alcohol exposure. For each group, the prevalence rates of ADHD and other selected disorders were determined.

RESULTS

The disorder ranking first in overall prevalence was ADHD (41%), followed by learning disorder (17%) and oppositional-defiant/conduct disorder (16%). Prevalence rates of ADHD across the groups generally were high risk > some risk > unknown risk > no risk.

CONCLUSION

The frequency distribution of ADHD cases was according to the levels of risk for gestational alcohol exposure. These results add to a growing body of evidence supporting an association between ADHD and prenatal alcohol exposure. Findings need to be confirmed by definitive studies on ADHD and gestational alcohol exposure.

Authors+Show Affiliations

University of South Dakota School of Medicine, USA. abhatara@aol.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16481668

Citation

Bhatara, Vinod, et al. "Association of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Gestational Alcohol Exposure: an Exploratory Study." Journal of Attention Disorders, vol. 9, no. 3, 2006, pp. 515-22.
Bhatara V, Loudenberg R, Ellis R. Association of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and gestational alcohol exposure: an exploratory study. J Atten Disord. 2006;9(3):515-22.
Bhatara, V., Loudenberg, R., & Ellis, R. (2006). Association of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and gestational alcohol exposure: an exploratory study. Journal of Attention Disorders, 9(3), 515-22.
Bhatara V, Loudenberg R, Ellis R. Association of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Gestational Alcohol Exposure: an Exploratory Study. J Atten Disord. 2006;9(3):515-22. PubMed PMID: 16481668.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Association of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and gestational alcohol exposure: an exploratory study. AU - Bhatara,Vinod, AU - Loudenberg,Roland, AU - Ellis,Roland, PY - 2006/2/17/pubmed PY - 2006/6/14/medline PY - 2006/2/17/entrez SP - 515 EP - 22 JF - Journal of attention disorders JO - J Atten Disord VL - 9 IS - 3 N2 - OBJECTIVE AND METHODS: To explore association between prevalence of ADHD and levels of risk for gestational alcohol exposure, the authors reviewed the charts of 2,231 youth referred for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Participants were categorized into four groups by different levels of risk for gestational alcohol exposure. For each group, the prevalence rates of ADHD and other selected disorders were determined. RESULTS: The disorder ranking first in overall prevalence was ADHD (41%), followed by learning disorder (17%) and oppositional-defiant/conduct disorder (16%). Prevalence rates of ADHD across the groups generally were high risk > some risk > unknown risk > no risk. CONCLUSION: The frequency distribution of ADHD cases was according to the levels of risk for gestational alcohol exposure. These results add to a growing body of evidence supporting an association between ADHD and prenatal alcohol exposure. Findings need to be confirmed by definitive studies on ADHD and gestational alcohol exposure. SN - 1087-0547 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16481668/Association_of_attention_deficit_hyperactivity_disorder_and_gestational_alcohol_exposure:_an_exploratory_study_ L2 - https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1087054705283880?url_ver=Z39.88-2003&rfr_id=ori:rid:crossref.org&rfr_dat=cr_pub=pubmed DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -