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Cricopharyngeal myotomy normalizes the opening size of the upper esophageal sphincter in cricopharyngeal dysfunction.
Laryngoscope. 2006 Jan; 116(1):93-6.L

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

The development of a cricopharyngeal dysfunction is associated with a hypertonic cricopharyngeus (CP) muscle. Therefore, CP myotomy has been advocated by some authors to be an essential part of repair of this condition. However, little objective data exists to show that there is improvement in the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) after CP myotomy. This study assesses the impact of CP myotomy on UES opening.

STUDY DESIGN

Prospective.

METHODS

Twenty patients treated at a university tertiary care center for cricopharyngeal dysfunction between 1998 and 2003 were identified. All patients underwent CP myotomy with or without Zenker's diverticulectomy. These patients had videofluoroscopic swallow studies before and after repair. The values of UES opening for 3 mL boluses from pre- and postrepair studies were compared with each other as well as with normal controls. Sixty percent (12/20) of the patients had a Zenker's diverticulum. Of these 12 patients, 5 had undergone previous attempts at surgical correction. Cricopharyngeal myotomy by way of an external approach, with or without Zenker's diverticulectomy, was performed in all patients by the senior author.

RESULTS

Before Zenker's diverticulectomy and CP myotomy, the mean UES opening (n = 20) for a 3 mL bolus was 0.30 cm +/- 0.17, which was 57% of the mean of 60 normal controls (0.52 cm +/- 0.15) (P < .001). After repair, the mean UES opening for the same bolus size improved to 0.51 cm +/- 0.16 (P < .0001). The UES opening size in patients who have undergone repair is comparable with that of the normal controls (P > .05).

CONCLUSIONS

UES opening size in patients with cricopharyngeal dysfunction is 57% of the size in normal controls. CP myotomy helps to normalize the UES opening in cricopharyngeal dysfunction repair.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California at Davis, Sacramento, California 95817-2207, USA. htyip2@yahoo.comNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Comparative Study
Journal Article
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16481817

Citation

Yip, Helena T., et al. "Cricopharyngeal Myotomy Normalizes the Opening Size of the Upper Esophageal Sphincter in Cricopharyngeal Dysfunction." The Laryngoscope, vol. 116, no. 1, 2006, pp. 93-6.
Yip HT, Leonard R, Kendall KA. Cricopharyngeal myotomy normalizes the opening size of the upper esophageal sphincter in cricopharyngeal dysfunction. Laryngoscope. 2006;116(1):93-6.
Yip, H. T., Leonard, R., & Kendall, K. A. (2006). Cricopharyngeal myotomy normalizes the opening size of the upper esophageal sphincter in cricopharyngeal dysfunction. The Laryngoscope, 116(1), 93-6.
Yip HT, Leonard R, Kendall KA. Cricopharyngeal Myotomy Normalizes the Opening Size of the Upper Esophageal Sphincter in Cricopharyngeal Dysfunction. Laryngoscope. 2006;116(1):93-6. PubMed PMID: 16481817.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Cricopharyngeal myotomy normalizes the opening size of the upper esophageal sphincter in cricopharyngeal dysfunction. AU - Yip,Helena T, AU - Leonard,Rebecca, AU - Kendall,Katherine A, PY - 2006/2/17/pubmed PY - 2006/3/29/medline PY - 2006/2/17/entrez SP - 93 EP - 6 JF - The Laryngoscope JO - Laryngoscope VL - 116 IS - 1 N2 - OBJECTIVE: The development of a cricopharyngeal dysfunction is associated with a hypertonic cricopharyngeus (CP) muscle. Therefore, CP myotomy has been advocated by some authors to be an essential part of repair of this condition. However, little objective data exists to show that there is improvement in the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) after CP myotomy. This study assesses the impact of CP myotomy on UES opening. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective. METHODS: Twenty patients treated at a university tertiary care center for cricopharyngeal dysfunction between 1998 and 2003 were identified. All patients underwent CP myotomy with or without Zenker's diverticulectomy. These patients had videofluoroscopic swallow studies before and after repair. The values of UES opening for 3 mL boluses from pre- and postrepair studies were compared with each other as well as with normal controls. Sixty percent (12/20) of the patients had a Zenker's diverticulum. Of these 12 patients, 5 had undergone previous attempts at surgical correction. Cricopharyngeal myotomy by way of an external approach, with or without Zenker's diverticulectomy, was performed in all patients by the senior author. RESULTS: Before Zenker's diverticulectomy and CP myotomy, the mean UES opening (n = 20) for a 3 mL bolus was 0.30 cm +/- 0.17, which was 57% of the mean of 60 normal controls (0.52 cm +/- 0.15) (P < .001). After repair, the mean UES opening for the same bolus size improved to 0.51 cm +/- 0.16 (P < .0001). The UES opening size in patients who have undergone repair is comparable with that of the normal controls (P > .05). CONCLUSIONS: UES opening size in patients with cricopharyngeal dysfunction is 57% of the size in normal controls. CP myotomy helps to normalize the UES opening in cricopharyngeal dysfunction repair. SN - 0023-852X UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16481817/Cricopharyngeal_myotomy_normalizes_the_opening_size_of_the_upper_esophageal_sphincter_in_cricopharyngeal_dysfunction_ L2 - https://doi.org/10.1097/01.mlg.0000184526.89256.85 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -