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A comparison of effects of fish and beef protein on satiety in normal weight men.
Eur J Clin Nutr. 2006 Jul; 60(7):897-902.EJ

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Previous studies have indicated that fish protein may have a greater effect on satiety compared to other protein sources of animal origin.

OBJECTIVE

To compare the effects of fish protein and beef protein meals on hunger and satiety.

DESIGN

Twenty-three normal non-smoking, healthy males aged 20-32 years, body mass index 22.5+/-1.8 (s.d.) kg/m(2) participated in a study, with within-subjects design and 1 week between test days. In the morning of the test days, subjects received a standardized breakfast. Four hours after breakfast, subjects were served an iso-energetic protein-rich (40 energy % protein) lunch meal, consisting of either a fish protein dish or a beef protein dish. Four hours after the start of the lunch meals, an ad libitum standardized evening meal was served and the intake of food was measured. Appetite was rated by visual analogue scales (VAS) immediately before and after the meals, as well as every hour between the meals. After the evening meal until bedtime, subjects were asked to record in detail foods and drinks consumed.

RESULTS

The repeated VAS-ratings of hunger, satiety and prospective consumption were modelled in a random effects model, taking pre-lunch VAS-ratings into account. After the fish meal, the point estimates were lower for hunger (-2+/-4.8), higher for satiety (8.7+/-6.0) and lower for prospective consumption (-4.9+/-4.7), but they did not reach statistical significance (P satiety=0.88; P hunger=0.15; P prospective=0.30). However, the energy intake at the evening meal displayed significant differences with subjects eating less after the fish protein lunch (2765 vs 3080 KJ, P<0.01) without feeling less satiated. No later energy compensation after the evening meal was found on the test day.

CONCLUSION

Although no significant differences in VAS-ratings of satiety or hunger were detected, subjects displayed an 11% reduction in energy intake at the subsequent evening meal.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Obesity Unit M73, Department of Internal Medicine, Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, Stockholm, Sweden.No affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Randomized Controlled Trial

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16482079

Citation

Borzoei, S, et al. "A Comparison of Effects of Fish and Beef Protein On Satiety in Normal Weight Men." European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 60, no. 7, 2006, pp. 897-902.
Borzoei S, Neovius M, Barkeling B, et al. A comparison of effects of fish and beef protein on satiety in normal weight men. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2006;60(7):897-902.
Borzoei, S., Neovius, M., Barkeling, B., Teixeira-Pinto, A., & Rössner, S. (2006). A comparison of effects of fish and beef protein on satiety in normal weight men. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 60(7), 897-902.
Borzoei S, et al. A Comparison of Effects of Fish and Beef Protein On Satiety in Normal Weight Men. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2006;60(7):897-902. PubMed PMID: 16482079.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - A comparison of effects of fish and beef protein on satiety in normal weight men. AU - Borzoei,S, AU - Neovius,M, AU - Barkeling,B, AU - Teixeira-Pinto,A, AU - Rössner,S, Y1 - 2006/02/15/ PY - 2006/2/17/pubmed PY - 2006/12/9/medline PY - 2006/2/17/entrez SP - 897 EP - 902 JF - European journal of clinical nutrition JO - Eur J Clin Nutr VL - 60 IS - 7 N2 - BACKGROUND: Previous studies have indicated that fish protein may have a greater effect on satiety compared to other protein sources of animal origin. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of fish protein and beef protein meals on hunger and satiety. DESIGN: Twenty-three normal non-smoking, healthy males aged 20-32 years, body mass index 22.5+/-1.8 (s.d.) kg/m(2) participated in a study, with within-subjects design and 1 week between test days. In the morning of the test days, subjects received a standardized breakfast. Four hours after breakfast, subjects were served an iso-energetic protein-rich (40 energy % protein) lunch meal, consisting of either a fish protein dish or a beef protein dish. Four hours after the start of the lunch meals, an ad libitum standardized evening meal was served and the intake of food was measured. Appetite was rated by visual analogue scales (VAS) immediately before and after the meals, as well as every hour between the meals. After the evening meal until bedtime, subjects were asked to record in detail foods and drinks consumed. RESULTS: The repeated VAS-ratings of hunger, satiety and prospective consumption were modelled in a random effects model, taking pre-lunch VAS-ratings into account. After the fish meal, the point estimates were lower for hunger (-2+/-4.8), higher for satiety (8.7+/-6.0) and lower for prospective consumption (-4.9+/-4.7), but they did not reach statistical significance (P satiety=0.88; P hunger=0.15; P prospective=0.30). However, the energy intake at the evening meal displayed significant differences with subjects eating less after the fish protein lunch (2765 vs 3080 KJ, P<0.01) without feeling less satiated. No later energy compensation after the evening meal was found on the test day. CONCLUSION: Although no significant differences in VAS-ratings of satiety or hunger were detected, subjects displayed an 11% reduction in energy intake at the subsequent evening meal. SN - 0954-3007 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16482079/A_comparison_of_effects_of_fish_and_beef_protein_on_satiety_in_normal_weight_men_ DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -