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Fine motor skills and effects of methylphenidate in children with attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder and developmental coordination disorder.
Dev Med Child Neurol. 2006 Mar; 48(3):165-9.DM

Abstract

The aims of this study were to investigate fine motor skills of children with both attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and those of a control group, and to examine the effects of methylphenidate on these skills. A group of 12 children with ADHD-DCD (11 males, one female; mean age 9y 8mo [SD 1y 7mo]) and 12 age- and sex-matched controls (mean age 9y 7mo [SD 1y 2 mo]) participated. The manual dexterity subtests of the Movement Assessment Battery for Children, the concise assessment method for children's handwriting, and a computerized graphomotor task were used. Results demonstrated that children with ADHD-DCD performed more poorly on the manual dexterity subtests, had poorer quality of handwriting, and drew more rapidly, more fluently, but less accurately than controls on the graphomotor task. On methylphenidate, manual dexterity and quality of handwriting improved, and strokes on the graphomotor task became less fluent but more accurate. ADHD is characterized by persistent symptoms of inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity, affecting 3 to 5% of school-age children. Up to 50% of children with ADHD also have motor coordination problems that are severe enough to meet criteria for DCD. In DCD, children demonstrate functional motor performance deficits not explained by the child's (chronological) age or intellect, or by other neurological or psychiatric disorders.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Pediatrics, University Medical Centre Groningen, the Netherlands. b.flapper@bkk.umcg.nlNo affiliation info availableNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16483390

Citation

Flapper, Boudien Ct, et al. "Fine Motor Skills and Effects of Methylphenidate in Children With Attention-deficit-hyperactivity Disorder and Developmental Coordination Disorder." Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, vol. 48, no. 3, 2006, pp. 165-9.
Flapper BC, Houwen S, Schoemaker MM. Fine motor skills and effects of methylphenidate in children with attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder and developmental coordination disorder. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2006;48(3):165-9.
Flapper, B. C., Houwen, S., & Schoemaker, M. M. (2006). Fine motor skills and effects of methylphenidate in children with attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder and developmental coordination disorder. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, 48(3), 165-9.
Flapper BC, Houwen S, Schoemaker MM. Fine Motor Skills and Effects of Methylphenidate in Children With Attention-deficit-hyperactivity Disorder and Developmental Coordination Disorder. Dev Med Child Neurol. 2006;48(3):165-9. PubMed PMID: 16483390.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Fine motor skills and effects of methylphenidate in children with attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder and developmental coordination disorder. AU - Flapper,Boudien Ct, AU - Houwen,Suzanne, AU - Schoemaker,Marina M, PY - 2005/06/03/accepted PY - 2006/2/18/pubmed PY - 2006/4/15/medline PY - 2006/2/18/entrez SP - 165 EP - 9 JF - Developmental medicine and child neurology JO - Dev Med Child Neurol VL - 48 IS - 3 N2 - The aims of this study were to investigate fine motor skills of children with both attention-deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and those of a control group, and to examine the effects of methylphenidate on these skills. A group of 12 children with ADHD-DCD (11 males, one female; mean age 9y 8mo [SD 1y 7mo]) and 12 age- and sex-matched controls (mean age 9y 7mo [SD 1y 2 mo]) participated. The manual dexterity subtests of the Movement Assessment Battery for Children, the concise assessment method for children's handwriting, and a computerized graphomotor task were used. Results demonstrated that children with ADHD-DCD performed more poorly on the manual dexterity subtests, had poorer quality of handwriting, and drew more rapidly, more fluently, but less accurately than controls on the graphomotor task. On methylphenidate, manual dexterity and quality of handwriting improved, and strokes on the graphomotor task became less fluent but more accurate. ADHD is characterized by persistent symptoms of inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity, affecting 3 to 5% of school-age children. Up to 50% of children with ADHD also have motor coordination problems that are severe enough to meet criteria for DCD. In DCD, children demonstrate functional motor performance deficits not explained by the child's (chronological) age or intellect, or by other neurological or psychiatric disorders. SN - 0012-1622 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16483390/Fine_motor_skills_and_effects_of_methylphenidate_in_children_with_attention_deficit_hyperactivity_disorder_and_developmental_coordination_disorder_ L2 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/product/identifier/S0012162206000375/type/journal_article DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -