[Hypertension, heart failure, myocardial infarction, secondary prevention: the role of perindopril].Ital Heart J 2005; 6 Suppl 7:40S-47SIH
Perindopril is a long-acting, once-daily lipophilic angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor with high tissue angiotensin-converting enzyme affinity, lowering angiotensin II and potentiating bradykinin. Efficacy, safety, and tolerability of perindopril are well established in the treatment of hypertension and heart failure. Moreover, large morbidity-mortality trials, such as the EUROPA, PROGRESS, and PREAMI have shown that treatment with perindopril reduces morbidity and mortality and prevents cardiovascular disease in a large range of patients with vascular diseases, whether or not they are hypertensive. Thus, the outcomes of these and other trials support the concept of cardiovascular protective properties of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition with perindopril in addition to the obvious blood-pressure-lowering effect. Considering its properties and the clinical evidence on efficacy and tolerability that has been gathered, perindopril should be considered a first-line therapeutic agent in hypertension, heart failure and acute myocardial infarction and a tool of secondary prevention of coronary artery disease.