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Characteristics of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals entering substance abuse treatment.
J Subst Abuse Treat. 2006 Mar; 30(2):135-46.JS

Abstract

Previous research has suggested that lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals enter treatment for substance abuse with more severe problems than heterosexual individuals. However, methodological difficulties, particularly the difficulty of obtaining a representative sample, have limited the ability to draw conclusions about LGBT individuals who receive services for substance abuse. This study took advantage of a unique opportunity to examine a representative sample of openly LGBT clients receiving publicly funded substance abuse treatment by using data gathered by treatment providers in Washington State. Baseline differences between openly LGBT and heterosexual clients were compared in a variety of domains. Results demonstrated that openly LGBT clients enter treatment with more severe substance abuse problems, greater psychopathology, and greater medical service utilization when compared with heterosexual clients. When the analyses were stratified based on sex, different patterns of substance use and associated psychosocial characteristics emerged for the LGBT clients. Implications for provision of appropriate services and recommendations to treatment agencies are discussed in this article.

Authors+Show Affiliations

Department of Psychology, University of Montana, Missoula, USA. bryan.cochran@umontana.eduNo affiliation info available

Pub Type(s)

Journal Article
Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

Language

eng

PubMed ID

16490677

Citation

Cochran, Bryan N., and Ana Mari Cauce. "Characteristics of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Individuals Entering Substance Abuse Treatment." Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, vol. 30, no. 2, 2006, pp. 135-46.
Cochran BN, Cauce AM. Characteristics of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals entering substance abuse treatment. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2006;30(2):135-46.
Cochran, B. N., & Cauce, A. M. (2006). Characteristics of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals entering substance abuse treatment. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 30(2), 135-46.
Cochran BN, Cauce AM. Characteristics of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Individuals Entering Substance Abuse Treatment. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2006;30(2):135-46. PubMed PMID: 16490677.
* Article titles in AMA citation format should be in sentence-case
TY - JOUR T1 - Characteristics of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender individuals entering substance abuse treatment. AU - Cochran,Bryan N, AU - Cauce,Ana Mari, PY - 2004/11/09/received PY - 2005/07/18/revised PY - 2005/11/30/accepted PY - 2006/2/24/pubmed PY - 2006/8/11/medline PY - 2006/2/24/entrez SP - 135 EP - 46 JF - Journal of substance abuse treatment JO - J Subst Abuse Treat VL - 30 IS - 2 N2 - Previous research has suggested that lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals enter treatment for substance abuse with more severe problems than heterosexual individuals. However, methodological difficulties, particularly the difficulty of obtaining a representative sample, have limited the ability to draw conclusions about LGBT individuals who receive services for substance abuse. This study took advantage of a unique opportunity to examine a representative sample of openly LGBT clients receiving publicly funded substance abuse treatment by using data gathered by treatment providers in Washington State. Baseline differences between openly LGBT and heterosexual clients were compared in a variety of domains. Results demonstrated that openly LGBT clients enter treatment with more severe substance abuse problems, greater psychopathology, and greater medical service utilization when compared with heterosexual clients. When the analyses were stratified based on sex, different patterns of substance use and associated psychosocial characteristics emerged for the LGBT clients. Implications for provision of appropriate services and recommendations to treatment agencies are discussed in this article. SN - 0740-5472 UR - https://www.unboundmedicine.com/medline/citation/16490677/Characteristics_of_lesbian_gay_bisexual_and_transgender_individuals_entering_substance_abuse_treatment_ L2 - https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S0740-5472(05)00246-1 DB - PRIME DP - Unbound Medicine ER -