Functional expression of intrinsic factor-cobalamin receptor by renal proximal tubular epithelial cells.J Biol Chem. 1991 Jul 15; 266(20):13135-40.JB
Previous studies from our laboratory (Seetharam, B., Levine, J. S., Ramasamy, M., and Alpers, D. H. (1988) J. Biol. Chem. 263, 4443-4449; Fyfe, J. C., Ramanujam, K. S., Ramaswamy, K., Patterson, D. F., and Seetharam, B. (1991) J. Biol. Chem. 266, 4489-4494) have identified and isolated a 230-kDa receptor from rat and canine kidney which binds with high affinity [57Co]cyanocobalamin (Cbl) complexed to gastric intrinsic factor (IF). Although these studies have identified a renal receptor which binds intrinsic factor-cobalamin (IFCR), it is not known whether the binding is specific for IF-Cbl and whether renal cells internalize [57Co]Cbl bound to IF and transport [57Co]Cbl across the cell. Using a variety of renal cells, our results show that IF-[57Co]Cbl binding activity is detected in proximal tubular-derived epithelial cells from opossum (OK) and porcine kidney (LLC-PK1) but not in distal tubular-derived cells from canine kidney cells (MDCK). Metabolic labeling studies with Tran 35S-label confirmed the presence of a 230-kDa IFCR in OK and LLC-PK1 cells. Cell surface labeling and binding studies demonstrated that IFCR is targeted to the apical membrane. This apical expression of IFCR in OK cells is inhibited by the microtubule-disruptive drugs, colchicine and nocodazole. Opossum kidney cells when grown on culture inserts are polarized and transport [57Co]Cbl only when bound to IF and not to other Cbl binders. Furthermore, the transport of [57Co]Cbl occurred unidirectionally from the apical to the basolateral surface. Treatment of cells with colchicine or nocodazole inhibited the surface binding of IF-[57Co]Cbl as well as the transcytosis of [57Co]Cbl by 70-75%. IFCR retained intracellualarly by incubation of cells with colchicine or nocodazole is degraded by leupeptin-sensitive proteases. Based on these results, we suggest that proximal tubular-derived epithelial cells transport [57Co]Cbl bound to IF in a saturable way via receptor-mediated endocytosis.